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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.60.2012.tde-25022013-092146
Document
Author
Full name
Juliana Abigail Leite
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Ribeirão Preto, 2012
Supervisor
Committee
Martinis, Elaine Cristina Pereira de (President)
Brandellii, Adriano
Stehling, Eliana Guedes
Title in Portuguese
Bacillus cereus produtor de substâncias semelhantes a bacteriocinas (BLIS): isolamento, caracterização preliminar e aplicação de extrato semi-purificado contendo BLIS para inibição de Listeria monocytogenes em polpa de fruta
Keywords in Portuguese
Bacillus cereus
Listeria monocytogenes
polpa de fruta
substância semelhante a bacteriocinas (BLIS)
Abstract in Portuguese
Mudanças nos hábitos alimentares dos consumidores têm aumentado a demanda por frutas frescas e polpas de frutas. Com isso, a busca por novos compostos com atividade antimicrobiana é de grande interesse, já que a aplicação de aditivos químicos convencionais em alimentos tem sido reavaliada devido à potencial toxicidade de alguns desses compostos. As bacteriocinas ou BLIS, produzidas por diferentes gêneros bacterianos, têm despertado grande interesse industrial para aplicação em alimentos em processos de bioconservação. No presente trabalho, foram obtidos 3 isolados bacterianos (A, B e C) a partir de polpa de abacaxi, produtores de substância antagonista frente a diferentes linhagens de Listeria monocytogenes e Bacillus sp. A natureza proteica das substâncias antagônicas produzidas pelos isolados foi confirmada pela sensibilidade à enzima ? - quimotripsina. As linhagens foram identificadas através de provas bioquímicas e moleculares como Bacillus cereus, com a colaboração da Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (Rio de Janeiro, Brasil). Para estudos mais detalhados da BLIS foi selecionado o isolado C denominado Bacillus cereus LFB-FIOCRUZ 1640. A melhor condição de incubação para produção da BLIS foi a 30ºC/24 horas, em caldo MRS. A BLIS apresentou estabilidade térmica por até 30 minutos a 80ºC e em ampla faixa de pH frente a L. monocytogenes. A purificação da BLIS foi realizada com resina Amberlite XAD-16 e de troca catiônica SP-Sepharose "Fast Flow", tendo o extrato apresentado um fator de purificação de 4,1 vezes e rendimento de 30%. O extrato obtido foi liofilizado e uma alíquota foi analisada por SDS-PAGE, o que permitiu a estimativa da massa molecular da BLIS de 25 kDa. A Concentração Bactericida Mínima (CBM) de 2 mg/mL foi determinada frente ao indicador L. monocytogenes e esta concentração de extrato foi aplicada em sistema modelo contendo polpa de abacaxi. A BLIS teve ação bactericida inibindo completamente L. monocytogenes por 24h/ 37ºC. Neste sentido, a aplicação da BLIS na área de alimentos e outras áreas farmacêuticas poderá ser explorada em outros trabalhos.
Title in English
Bacillus cereus producing bacteriocin-like substances (BLIS): isolation, preliminary characterization and application of semi-purified extract containing BLIS for inhibiting Listeria monocytogenes in fruit pulp
Keywords in English
Bacillus cereus
bacteriocin-like substance (BLIS)
fruit pulp
Listeria monocytogenes
Abstract in English
Changes in habits of consumers, with preference for healthy foods, have increased the demand for fruits and fruit pulps. Thus, there is great interest in searching new compounds with antimicrobial activity, since the application of conventional additives in foods is of concern due to the toxicity of some of these compounds. The bacteriocins or BLIS, produced by different bacteria genera, have increased the interest for its industrial application in food technology in processes of biopreservation. In this study, three isolates were obtained (A, B and C) from pineapple pulp, which produce antagonistic substances with activity against Listeria monocytogenes and Bacillus sp. The proteinaceous nature of the antagonistic substance produced by the isolates was confirmed by susceptibility to the enzyme ? - chymotrypsin. The strains were identified by biochemical and molecular tests as Bacillus cereus, in collaboration with Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil). Isolate C of Bacillus cereus was named LFB-FIOCRUZ 1640. The best condition of incubation for the BLIS production was 30°C for 24 hours in MRS broth. The BLIS was thermostable (up to 30 minutes at 80°C) and it was partially stable in the range of pH 2 to 9. The purification of the BLIS was performed with Amberllite XAD-16 and cation-exchange SP-Sepharose "Fast Flow" resins. The extract presented a purification factor of 4.1 times and 30% of yield. The extract was lyophilized and analyzed by SDS-PAGE. The molecular mass of the BLIS was estimated as 25 kDa. The Minimum Bactericidal Concentration (MBC) of 2 mg/mL was determined with the indicator L. monocytogenes, and this concentration of extract was applied in a model system containing pineapple pulp. The BLIS had bactericidal action which completely inhibited L. monocytogenes for 24h/37°C. The BLIS of B. cereus 1640 presents potential for application as an antimicrobial in food and other pharmaceutical areas.
 
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Publishing Date
2013-03-04
 
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