• JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
 
  Bookmark and Share
 
 
Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.60.2013.tde-28112013-135858
Document
Author
Full name
Miliane Rodrigues Frazão
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Ribeirão Preto, 2013
Supervisor
Committee
Falcão, Juliana Pfrimer (President)
Martinez, Marina Baquerizo
Andrade, Leonardo Neves de
Title in Portuguese
Tipagem molecular e caracterização do potencial patogênico de linhagens de Yersinia enterocolitica biotipo 2 de origens diversas
Keywords in Portuguese
ERIC-PCR
perfil de resistência a antimicrobianos
PFGE e MLVA
potencial patogênico
Yersinia enterocolitica biotipo 2
Abstract in Portuguese
Dentre as espécies do gênero Yersinia, Yersinia enterocolitica é a espécie mais prevalente como causa de doença em humanos e animais. Y. enterocolitica é dividida em seis biotipos. Os biotipos 1B, 2, 3, 4 e 5 compreendem linhagens associadas à doença em humanos e animais, enquanto o biotipo 1A consiste de linhagens consideradas não patogênicas. Apesar de Y. enterocolitica biotipo 2 ser de importância clínica, há uma escassez de estudos no país, o que dificulta avaliar o envolvimento dessa bactéria como causa de doença em humanos e em animais, bem como, determinar o impacto de sua presença no meio-ambiente. O objetivo deste trabalho foi investigar o potencial patogênico, determinar o perfil de suscetibilidade a antimicrobianos e verificar a diversidade genotípica de linhagens de Y. enterocolitica biotipo 2 isoladas no Brasil. Foram estudadas 40 linhagens de Y. enterocolitica biotipo 2, isoladas de humanos (5), ambiente (34) e animal (1), entre os anos de 1979 e 1998. Ademais, nas análises filogenéticas, foram acrescidas 26 linhagens de Y. enterocolitica pertencentes aos outros biotipos, com o intuito de comparar as linhagens de Y. enterocolitica biotipo 2 aos biotipos 1A, 1B, 3, 4 e 5. As linhagens de humanos e animal foram sensíveis a todos os 14 antimicrobianos testados. Dentre as 34 linhagens de ambiente, sete (20,6%) foram resistentes a um ou dois antimicrobianos, sendo esses, amicacina, cefoxitina, gentamicina, e sulfametoxazol - trimetoprima. Todas as linhagens apresentaram os genes inv, ail, ystA, hreP, tccC e myfA. Os genes fepD e fes foram detectados em 39 (97,5%) linhagens, o gene virF foi encontrado em três (7,5%) linhagens, os genes ystB e fepA não foram detectados em nenhuma linhagem. Todas as linhagens apresentaram comportamento relacionado à virulência frente aos testes fenotípicos de atividade da pirazinamidase, hidrólise da esculina e fermentação da salicina. O dendrograma de similaridade genética de Enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus PCR (ERIC-PCR) agrupou as linhagens de Y. enterocolitica biotipo 2 em cinco grupos denominados A, B, C, D e E. Todas as linhagens, com exceção de duas, apresentaram similaridade genética superior a 88,3%. O dendrograma de similaridade genética de Pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) agrupou as linhagens de Y. enterocolitica biotipo 2 em três grupos denominados I, J e K. A maioria das linhagens (72,5%) apresentou similaridade ii genética superior a 78,3%. O dendrograma de similaridade genética de Multilocus variable number tandem repeat analysis (MLVA) agrupou as linhagens de Y. enterocolitica biotipo 2 em dois grupos denominados O e P com similaridade genética superior a 37,7%. Pode-se concluir que o potencial patogênico das linhagens de Y. enterocolitica biotipo 2 foi evidenciado pela prevalência da maioria dos marcadores de virulência, bem como, pelo comportamento relacionado à virulência frente aos testes fenotípicos pesquisados. Algumas linhagens apresentaram-se resistentes a antimicrobianos de primeira escolha no tratamento de yersiniose, o que pode acarretar em falha terapêutica. Os resultados de ERIC-PCR e PFGE mostraram a alta similaridade entre as linhagens de Y. enterocolitica biotipo 2, sugerindo que as mesmas pouco se diferenciaram ao longo dos 19 anos e que possivelmente o meio ambiente tem sido uma fonte de contaminação para humanos e animais no Brasil. A técnica de MLVA agrupou as linhagens de Y. enterocolitica biotipo 2 quanto à sua origem e a técnica de ERIC-PCR agrupou as linhagens de Y. enterocolitica biotipos 1A, 1B, 2, 3, 4, e 5 quanto às diferentes patogenicidades características de cada biotipo.
Title in English
Molecular typing and pathogenic potential characterization of Yersinia enterocolitica biotype 2 strains of diverse origins
Keywords in English
ERIC-PCR
pathogenic potential
PFGE and MLVA
profile antimicrobial resistance
Yersinia enterocolitica biotype 2
Abstract in English
Among the species of the genus Yersinia, Yersinia enterocolitica is the most prevalent species that cause illness in humans and animals. Y. enterocolitica is divided into six biotypes. Biotypes 1B, 2, 3, 4 e 5 comprise strains associated to illness in humans and animals, while biotype 1A comprise strains considered nonpathogenic. Despite of the fact that Y. enterocolitica biotype 2 is of clinical importance, there is a paucity of studies in this country, which makes difficult to assess the involvement of this bacteria as a cause of illness in humans and animals, as well as to determine the impact of its presence in the environment. The aim of this work was to investigate the pathogenic potential, to determine the antimicrobial resistance profile and to verify the genetic diversity of Y. enterocolitica biotype 2 strains isolated in Brazil. Forty strains of Y. enterocolitica biotype 2 isolated from humans (5), environment (34) and animal (1), between 1979 and 1998 were studied. Besides, in the phylogenetic analyzes it was added 26 Y. enterocolitica strains belonging to the other biotypes, in order to compare the Y. enterocolitica biotype 2 strains to biotypes 1A, 1B, 3, 4 e 5. Humans and animals strains showed susceptibility to all 14 antibiotics tested. Among the 34 environment strains, seven (20.6%) were resistant to one or two antibiotics used such as amikacin, cefoxitin, gentamicin and sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim. All the strains presented the genes inv, ail, ystA, hreP, tccC and myfA. Genes fepD and fes were detected in 39 (97.5%) strains, virF was found in three (7.5%) strains, and ystB and fepA were not detected in any strains. All the strains exhibited behavior related to virulence against the phenotypic tests of pyrazinamidase activity, esculin hydrolysis and salicin fermentation. The dendrogram of genetic similarity of Enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus PCR (ERIC-PCR) grouped the Y. enterocolitica biotype 2 strains in five groups, designated A, B, C, D and E. All the strains, except two, showed a genetic similarity of more than 88.3%. The dendrogram of genetic similarity of Pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) grouped the Y. enterocolitica biotype 2 strains in three groups, designated I, J and K. The majority of the strains (72.5%) showed a genetic similarity of more than 78.3%. The dendrogram of genetic similarity of Multilocus variable number tandem repeat analysis (MLVA) grouped the Y. enterocolitica iv biotype 2 strains in two groups, designated O and P with a genetic similarity of more than 37.7%. It is possible to conclude that the pathogenic potential of the Y. enterocolitica biotype 2 strains was highlighted by the prevalence of the majority of the virulence markers searched, as well as by the behavior related to virulence against the phenotypic tests. Some strains were resistant to antimicrobials that are the first choice for yersiniosis treatment, which can result in therapeutic failure. The results of ERIC-PCR and PFGE showed a high genetic similarity between the Y. enterocolitica biotype 2 strains, suggesting that the strains differed little over 19 years, and that the environment has been possibly a source of humans and animals infections in Brazil. The MLVA technique grouped the Y. enterocolitica biotype 2 strains according their origins, and the ERIC-PCR technique grouped the Y. enterocolitica biotypes 1A, 1B, 2, 3, 4 and 5 strains according to the different pathogenicity characteristics of each biotype.
 
WARNING - Viewing this document is conditioned on your acceptance of the following terms of use:
This document is only for private use for research and teaching activities. Reproduction for commercial use is forbidden. This rights cover the whole data about this document as well as its contents. Any uses or copies of this document in whole or in part must include the author's name.
Release Date
2016-11-28
Publishing Date
2014-01-02
 
WARNING: Learn what derived works are clicking here.
All rights of the thesis/dissertation are from the authors
Centro de Informática de São Carlos
Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations of USP. Copyright © 2001-2020. All rights reserved.