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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.60.2010.tde-01122010-153439
Document
Author
Full name
Josiana Garcia de Araujo Volpini
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Ribeirão Preto, 2010
Supervisor
Committee
Carvalho, Ivone (President)
Araujo, Alexandre Suman de
Chin, Chung Man
Title in Portuguese
Planejamento e relação estrutura-atividade de inibidores da MARK3 em câncer de cabeça e pescoço
Keywords in Portuguese
Câncer de Cabeça e Pescoço
Drug Design
MARK3
Modelagem molecula
Química Medicinal
Abstract in Portuguese
O Projeto Genoma Humano do Câncer (PGHC), financiado pela FAPESP e pelo Instituto Ludwig de Pesquisa sobre o câncer, buscou identificar os genes expressos nos tipos mais comuns de câncer no Brasil. Tal projeto conseguiu identificar aproximadamente um milhão de sequências de genes de tumores frequentes no Brasil. A contribuição brasileira foi maior para tumores de cabeça e pescoço, mama e cólon. Uma das iniciativas mais recentes e estimuladas pelo PGHC é o projeto Genoma Clínico, o qual visa desenvolver novas formas de diagnóstico e tratamento do câncer através do estudo de genes expressos. A partir da análise molecular de tecidos saudáveis e neoplásicos em diferentes estágios, é possível identificar marcadores de prognóstico, permitindo escolhas de terapias mais adequadas e eficientes. A proteína MARK3 foi identificada como um desses marcadores, em neoplasias de tecidos de cabeça e pescoço, sendo o objetivo deste estudo a aplicação de técnicas de bioinformática e modelagem molecular no planejamento baseado em estrutura de candidatos a fármacos antineoplásicos que bloqueiem a atividade da proteína MARK3. Após screening virtual em bases de dados de compostos (1.000.000 aproximadamente) com propriedades drug-like, 20 compostos com potencial de inibidor da MARK3 foram selecionados. Os modos de ligação para cada um dos mesmos no sítio ligante da proteína MARK3 foram sugeridos por simulações de docking e apresentaram um bom encaixe espacial com os sítios receptores virtuais calculados pelos campos de interação molecular (MIF). Simulações de dinâmica molecular foram realizadas com o intuito de avaliar a estabilidade dos compostos selecionados, que também foram avaliados quanto à presença de grupamentos toxicofóricos em sua estrutura.
Title in English
Design and structure-activity relationship of inhibitors of MARK3 in head and neck cancer
Keywords in English
Drug Design
Head and neck cancer
MARK3
Medicinal Chemistry
Molecular modeling
Abstract in English
The Brazilian Project Genoma Câncer (PGHC) supported by FAPESP and the Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research, intended to identify the genes involved in the most common cases of cancer in Brazil. In this project about a million of gene sequences were identified. The major contribution was made in breast, colorectal and head and neck cancers. The results obtained stimulated the creation of another project, called Genoma Clínico, which intend to develop new trends in treatments and diagnosis of cancer based on the study of expressed genes. Analyzing healthy and neoplasic tissues in different stages, it is possible to identify molecular markers related to the prognosis of cancer, allowing the use of more efficient therapies. The MARK3 protein was identified as a molecular marker in head and neck cancer, where the objective of this work lies in the application of bioinformatics and molecular modeling strategies by structure-based drug design to identify potential antineoplasic drug candicates that could act against MARK3 protein. After the virtual screening simulations performed with drug-like compound databases, containing approximately 1.000.000 compounds, 20 were selected as potential ligands of MARK3 protein. The binding modes suggested for these compounds, by docking simulations, presented a good spatial fit when compared with the virtual receptor sites calculated by molecular interaction fields (MIF). Molecular dynamics simulations were performed in order to evaluate de stability of the binding modes suggested. The potential ligands were also evaluated to identify toxicophoric features in its chemical structures.
 
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Publishing Date
2010-12-07
 
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