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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.60.2011.tde-10062011-152205
Document
Author
Full name
Noemi Jacques Vieira
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Ribeirão Preto, 2011
Supervisor
Committee
Pupo, Monica Tallarico (President)
Debonsi, Hosana Maria
Januário, Ana Helena
Title in Portuguese
Influência das condições de cultivo de duas linhagens Streptomyces no perfil químico e atividade citotóxica
Keywords in Portuguese
actinobactérias
antimicrobiano
antitumoral.
produtos naturais microbianos
simbiose
Abstract in Portuguese
Micro-organismos são profícuos produtores de produtos naturais bioativos. Diversos fármacos inovativos e de extrema importância clínica são de origem microbiana, como antibióticos, antitumorais, imunossupressores e agentes hipolipêmicos. A maioria dos fármacos de origem microbiana é produzida por actinobactérias. A estreita associação de micro-organismos com plantas, insetos, crustáceos e organismos marinhos, pode induzir a produção de substâncias bioativas, que eventualmente conferem vantagens adaptativas e ecológicas ao macro-organismo hospedeiro. Ambientes marinhos e áreas de transição como os manguezais são ainda pouco explorados para estudos químicos e farmacológicos dos micro-organismos presentes nos solos e em simbiose com outros hospedeiros. Neste sentido, o presente trabalho visou o estudo químico monitorado por ensaios de citotoxicidade em células cancerígenas de dois micro-organismos, Streptomyces sp. Act1 e Streptomyces sp. Act2, isolados da casca do caranguejo do maguezal, Ucides cordatus, coletado em Cananéia, SP. Estes micro-organismos apresentaram atividade antagônica frente ao fungo patogênico Aspergillus niger, confirmando o potencial para produção de substâncias bioativas. Os micro-organismos foram cultivados em diferentes meios de cultura para avaliar o potencial de crescimento, perfil químico dos extratos obtidos e atividade citotóxica dos extratos e subfrações. Os meios de cultura escolhidos foram meio líquido ISP-2 e meio sólido (arroz), e ainda, nestas mesmas condições foi avaliado o efeito do uso de água do mar de forma comparativa. Os micro-organismos desenvolveram-se adequadamente nos diferentes meios de cultivo. Os fracionamentos dos extratos obtidos nos experimentos evidenciaram características polares das subfrações obtidas, e neste sentido foram necessárias adaptações das técnicas de separação, incluindo fases estácionárias como sephadex LH-20 e fase reversa. Os ensaios de citotoxicidade frente às linhagens de células tumorais com os extratos obtidos mostraram o grande potencial das linhagens em estudo, em especial a linhagem Streptomyces sp. Act-2 cultivada na presença de água do mar.
Title in English
The Influence of different culture mediums conditions in chemical profile and cytotoxic activity of two Streptomyces strains
Keywords in English
actinomycetes symbiosis
antimicrobial
antitumoral.
Keywords: microbial natural products
Abstract in English
Abstract Microorganisms are prolific producers of bioactive natural products. Most of innovative pharmaceuticals that have useful clinical importance have been isolated from from microorganisms, such as antibiotics, anticancer drugs, immunosuppressive drugs and lipid-lowering agents. Most of the drugs of microbial origin are produced by actinomycetes. The close association of micro-organisms with plants, insects, crustaceans or marine organisms may induce the production of bioactive substances. These natural products may confer adaptive advantages to the environment and to the host organism. Marine and transitional areas such as mangroves are still under explored for chemical and pharmacological studies of both soil microorganisms and symbiotic microorganisms. In this sense, this work aimed a chemical study of two actinobacteria strains, Streptomyces sp. Act1 and Streptomyces sp. Act2, guided by cancer cells cytotoxicity assays. Both microorganisms were isolated from the shell of the mangrove crab Ucides cordatus, collected in Cananéia, SP. These microorganisms showed antagonistic activity against the pathogenic fungus Aspergillus niger, confirming the potential for production of bioactive substances. Microorganisms were cultured in different culture media to assess the potential for growth, chemical profile of extracts and cytotoxic activity of extracts and subfractions. The culture media were chosen using liquid (ISP-2) and solid medium (rice). The effect of addition of saline water in the culture media has also been evaluated. The microorganisms developed adequately in different culture media. The fractions of extracts obtained from the experiments showed characteristics of polar subfractions obtained, requiring the use of sephadex LH-20 and reverse phase as chromatographic stationary phases. Cytotoxic assays of the extracts against cancer cell lines showed the great potential of the strains under study, mainly Streptomyces sp. Act2. grown in the presence of seawater.
 
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Publishing Date
2013-05-08
 
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