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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.64.2010.tde-22112010-163513
Document
Author
Full name
Layanne Batista Souza
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Piracicaba, 2010
Supervisor
Committee
Latado, Rodrigo Rocha (President)
Figueira, Antonio Vargas de Oliveira
Pinheiro, José Baldin
Title in Portuguese
Mapeamento genético de híbridos intraespecíficos de laranja doce [Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck], obtidos por cruzamentos controlados
Keywords in Portuguese
Mapeamento genético
Marcador molecular
Polimorfismo
SSR
TRAP
Abstract in Portuguese
Apesar do destaque do setor citrícola paulista e brasileiro, existe uma séria vulnerabilidade para o cultivo da laranja, que está pautada no uso de poucas variedades comerciais. A instalação de programas de melhoramento de laranjeiras com uso de cruzamentos controlados é dificultada principalmente pelos problemas de poliembrionia nas sementes e pela presença de ciclo juvenil longo nas plantas, o que ocasiona a dificuldade em obter plantas híbridas via cruzamentos controlados e o tempo muito longo para a conclusão de um ciclo de recombinação e seleção. O objetivo deste estudo foi a construção de um mapa de ligação utilizando uma população de 144 híbridos oriunda do cruzamento entre a laranjeira Tobias (CN 1392 e CN 1393), que apresenta ciclo juvenil curto, e laranjeira Pêra-de-Abril, variedade com sementes monoembriônicas. O mapa de ligação foi construído com base em marcadores moleculares SSR e TRAP através de dois softwares (JoinMap e Onemap). O mapa genético construído pelo JoinMap conteve 85 (61%) marcas dispostas em 13 grupos de ligação, totalizando 634 cM, com distância entre os marcadores adjacentes variando de 0 a 29 cM. Os tamanhos individuais dos grupos de ligação variaram de 8 a 85 cM e um total de 55 (39%) marcadores não se ligou ao mapa. Com o software OneMap 87 (62%) marcadores se ligaram em 16 grupos de ligação, totalizando 1.100 cM, com distância entre marcadores adjacentes variando de 0 a 36 cM. Os tamanhos individuais dos grupos de ligação variaram de 8 a 205 cM. Um total de 53 (38%) marcadores não se ligaram no mapa. A marca que constitui o caráter fenotípico de interesse florescimento precoce foi incluída no mapa quando utilizado o software OneMap. Houve similaridade entre os mapas de ligação de híbridos intraespecíficos de laranja doce construídos com os aplicativos JoinMap e OneMap. A distinção encontrada ocorreu, principalmente, devido aos marcadores com segregação distorcida
Title in English
Genetic mapping of intraspecific hybrids of sweet orange [Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck], obtained by controlled breeding
Keywords in English
Genetic mapping
Molecular marker
Polymorphism
SSR
TRAP
Abstract in English
Despite the prominence of the citrus sector in São Paulo and Brazil, there is a serious vulnerability for the cultivation of orange, which is guided by the use of a few commercial varieties. Orange breeding programs that make use of controlled breeding are hampered mainly by the problems of polyembryony and the presence of long juvenile cycle, which impair the obtainment of hybrid plants through controlled crossings as well as taking a long time for the conclusion of a cycle of recombination and selection. The goal of this study was the construction of a linkage map using a population of 144 hybrids from crosses between Tobias sweet orange (CN 1392 and CN 1393), which present short juvenile cycle, and Pêra-de-Abril sweet orange, variety with monoembryonic seeds. The linkage map was constructed based on molecular markers SSR and TRAP using two softwares (JoinMap and Onemap). The genetic map obtained by JoinMap showed 85 (61%) markers arranged in 13 linkage groups totalizing 634cM, with the distance between adjacent markers ranging from 0 to 29 cM. The sizes of individual linkage groups ranged from 8-85 cM and a total of 55 (39%) markers could not be linked to the map. With the software OneMap 87 (62%) markers were linked in 16 linkage groups, totalizing 1.100 cM, with the distances between adjacent markers ranging from 0 to 36 cM. The sizes of individual linkage groups ranged from 8-205 cM. A total of 53 (38%) markers could not be linked on the map. The mark related to flowering, which is the phenotypic character of interest, was found using the software OneMap. There was similarity between the linkage maps of intraspecific hybrids of sweet orange built with JoinMap and OneMap softwares. The distinction found was mainly due to the markers with segregation distortion
 
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Mestrado.pdf (833.35 Kbytes)
Publishing Date
2010-11-24
 
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