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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.7.1998.tde-26122003-012251
Document
Author
Full name
Dora Mariela Salcedo Barrientos
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 1998
Supervisor
Committee
Egry, Emiko Yoshikawa (President)
Clapis, Maria Jose
Fonseca, Rosa Maria Godoy Serpa da
Title in Portuguese
Mulher & Saúde: buscando uma visão generificada na percepção das usuárias acerca do exame ginecológico
Keywords in Portuguese
gênero
saúde coletiva
Saúde da mulher
Abstract in Portuguese
Este estudo, de referencial materialista histórico dialético (MHD), inserido numa perspectiva de gênero, teve dentre seus objetivos caraterizar as mulheres de acordo com a inserção social, idade, vínculo com a instituição, antecedentes ginecológicos e obstétricos; identificar as contradições acerca da percepção quanto ao primeiro exame ginecológico de prevenção de câncer de colo uterino e de mama e identificar caminhos para a transformação da atenção ginecológica. A análise dos dados foi realizada através da depreensão de temas contidos nas gravações, nas quais se identificaram como categorias empíricas à atenção à saúde, o exame ginecológico (razão, conhecimento e sentimentos) e a mulher, sua vida e saúde. Verificou-se que a atenção continua circunscrita ao “corpo biológico”, uma atitude alienante assumida pela usuária, reforçada pela mídia, pelo pessoal de saúde e pela própria mulher. Foram identificados também sentimentos ligados ao medo, à vergonha e ao sentimento de culpa. Finalmente, entre as usuárias e os trabalhadores do serviço de saúde encontrou-se uma relação dialética no olhar generificado sobre a saúde da mulher. Os resultados indicam o prosseguimento da investigação com os profissionais da área.
Title in English
Women & Health: searching for a gender perspective to understand women’s perception related to their gynecological exam for cancer prevention
Keywords in English
collective health
gender
Women Health
Abstract in English
This study, of referencial materialistic historical and dialetic (MHD), inserted in a gender perspective, had as objective identify the women in agreement with the social insert, age, entail with the institution, gynecological and obstetric antecedents; to identify the contradictions concerning the perception with relationship to the first gynecological exam of cancer prevention and to identify ways for the transformation of the gynecological attention. The analysis of the data was accomplished through the identification of themes contained in the recordings, in which there were identified as empiric categories the attention to the health, the gynecological exam (reason, knowledge and feelings) and the woman, her life and health. It was verified that the attention continues bounded to the “biological body”, an alienating attitude assumed by the user, reinforced by the media, by the personnel of health and by the own woman. They were also identified feelings linked to the fear, to the shame and the blame feeling. Finally, a dialetic relationship was identified between the user and the health workers. The results indicate the pursuit of the investigation with the professionals of the area.
 
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DoraMariela.pdf (931.27 Kbytes)
Publishing Date
2004-03-22
 
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