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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.7.2004.tde-17112006-114733
Document
Author
Full name
Josinete Aparecida da Silva Bastos
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2004
Supervisor
Committee
Cruz, Dina de Almeida Lopes Monteiro da (President)
Gutierrez, Beatriz Aparecida Ozello
Pimenta, Cibele Andrucioli de Matos
Title in Portuguese
Graus de dificuldade para formulação de diagnósticos e intervenções de enfermagem.
Keywords in Portuguese
Diagnósticos de enfermagem
Intervenção de enfermagem
Processos de enfermagem
Abstract in Portuguese
Este estudo objetivou identificar os diagnósticos que as enfermeiras reconhecem como: 1) mais freqüentes em sua prática clínica; 2) mais difíceis de serem formulados; 3) mais difíceis para propor intervenções e 4) verificar as associações entre a freqüência de diagnósticos, a dificuldade para formular diagnósticos e a dificuldade para propor intervenções. Os 155 diagnósticos de enfermagem (DE) estudados foram divididos, compondo três questionários. A estimativa de freqüência, a dificuldade de formulação, e a dificuldade para propor intervenções para cada diagnóstico foram indicadas em escala tipo Likert de 5 pontos. O alfa de Chronbach variou de 0,90 a 097 entre os 3 tipos de questionários. Cada tipo de questionário foi respondido por 49 enfermeiras do Hospital Universitário da Universidade de São Paulo, totalizando 147 enfermeiras (97% = sexo feminino, idade média=35,1±8,3 anos; tempo médio de formadas=11,1 ±7,8 anos). Considerando os totais de DE em cada tipo de questionário, os escores médios de freqüência variaram de 2,2 a 2,3, os de dificuldade para formular variaram de 2,5 a 2,6, e os de dificuldade para propor intervenções de 2,9 a 3,0. Considerando cada diagnóstico, escores médios =3 foram definidos como altos para as três variáveis do estudo: freqüência, dificuldade para formular e dificuldade para propor intervenções. Entre as enfermeiras que cuidam predominantemente de adultos, 40 DE foram de alta freqüência, 59 foram de alta dificuldade para formular e 90 de alta dificuldade para a proposição de intervenções. Entre as enfermeiras que cuidam de pacientes pediátricos e de obstetrícia, 22 DE foram de alta freqüência, 67 de alta dificuldade de formulação e 82 de alta dificuldade para propor intervenções. Houve correlações significativas entre as variáveis dificuldade para formular os diagnósticos e dificuldade para propor intervenções de enfermagem nos 3 questionários (Pearson, coeficientes entre 0,75 e 0,83, p=0,000).
Title in English
Levels of difficulty to state nursing diagnoses and nursing interventions.
Keywords in English
Nursing diagnosis
Nursing intervention
Nursing process
Abstract in English
This study aimed to identify which diagnoses nurses estimate as: 1) the most frequent in their clinical practice; 2) the most difficult to formulate; 3) the most difficulty to propose interventions for and 4) to verify the associations among the nursing diagnoses (ND) frequency, the difficulty to state ND, and the difficulty to propose interventions The 155 nursing diagnoses (ND) studied were divided to compound 3 questionnaires. Frequency, difficulty to state, and difficulty to propose interventions for each ND were indicated in 5-point Likert scales. The Chronbach's alpha varied from 0.90 to 0.97 among the 3 questionnaires. Each questionnaire was answered by 49 nurses of the University Hospital of the University of São Paulo, totaling 147 nurses (97% female; mean age=35.1±8.3 years; mean years after bachelor´s degree=1.1±7.8). Considering the total of ND in each questionnaire, the mean scores of frequency varied from 2.2 to 2.3; the mean scores of difficulty to state ND, between 2.5 and 2.6; and the mean scores of difficulty to propose interventions, between 2,9 and 3.0. Considering each diagnosis, mean scores =3 were defined as high ones for the three variables: frequency, difficulty to state, and difficulty to propose interventions. Forty ND were high frequency ND among nurses who care of adult patients; 59 were ND of high difficulty to state; and 90 were ND of high difficulty to propose interventions for. For nurses caring of pediatrics and obstetrics' patients, there were 22 high frequency ND, 67 ND of high difficulty to state; and 82 of high difficulty to propose interventions for. There were significant positive correlations between the variables: difficulty to state ND and difficulty to propose interventions for the 3 questionnaires (Pearson test, coefficients between 0.75 and 0.83, p=0.000).
 
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Publishing Date
2006-11-17
 
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