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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.7.2011.tde-25022011-103234
Document
Author
Full name
Mirian Watanabe
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2011
Supervisor
Committee
Vattimo, Maria de Fatima Fernandes (President)
Boim, Mirian Aparecida
Magro, Marcia Cristina da Silva
Neiva, Luciana Barros de Moura
Volpini, Rildo Aparecido
Title in Portuguese
Intervenção farmacológica na lesão renal aguda isquêmica em ratos: resposta funcional e histológica tempo dependente
Keywords in Portuguese
Isquemia/Reperfusão
Lesão Oxidativa.
Lesão Renal Aguda
Abstract in Portuguese
A gravidade da síndrome isquemia/reperfusão determina o prognóstico da lesão renal aguda (LRA). Agentes como o citrato de sildenafil (Sil) e a N-acetilcisteína (NAC) tem demonstrado efeito renoprotetor na LRA isquêmica com resultados ainda inconclusivos. Esse estudo investigou o efeito do Sil e da NAC na LRA com diferentes tempos de isquemia. Foram utilizados grupos de ratos Wistar, adultos e machos: SHAM; Isquemia 30 min (clampeamento dos pedículos renais por 30 min); Isquemia 30 + Sil (Sil 0,25 mg/kg 60 min antes da isquemia renal); Isquemia 30 + NAC (NAC 150 mg/kg antes e após a isquemia renal); Isquemia 45 (clampeamento dos pedículos renais por 45 min); Isquemia 45 + Sil e Isquemia 45 + NAC. Foram avaliadas a função renal (clearance de creatinina e fração de excreção de sódio-FENa); a lesão oxidativa (peróxidos urinários; substâncias reativas ao ácido tiobarbitúrico - TBARS; óxido nítrico - NO e tióis no tecido renal); a síntese protéica da óxido nítrico sintase induzível iNOS e da heme oxigenase-1 HO-1 (western blotting) e análise histológica renal (área intersticial relativa - AIR e lesão tubulointersticial). Os grupos 30 min tratados com Sil e NAC demonstraram melhora da função renal, redução dos índices oxidantes e NO, ausência de iNOS e presença de HO-1. Nos grupos 45 min, o Sil manteve a função renal, porém demonstrou proteção tubular e oxidante; a NAC não demonstrou efeito protetor em nenhum dos parâmetros avaliados. Quanto à histologia, apenas o Sil induziu redução da AIR e da lesão tubulointersticial nos tempos 30 e 45 min. O estudo confirmou que as características funcionais e histológicas induzidas pelo tempo de isquemia na LRA determinam as respostas às manobras farmacológicas de prevenção. A expressão HO-1 pode ser considerada um mediador de proteção renal.
Title in English
Pharmacological intervention in ischemic acute kidney injury in rats: functional and histological time dependent protection
Keywords in English
Acute Kidney Injury
Ischemia/Reperfusion
Oxidative Injury
Abstract in English
Severity of ischemic/reperfusion injury syndrome determines the prognosis of acute kidney injury (AKI). Agents such as sildenafil citrate (Sil) and N-acetylcysteine (NAC) have demonstrated renoprotective effect on ischemic AKI which data is still inconclusive. This study investigated the protective action of Sil and NAC in the AKI with different time of ischemia. Adult, male, Wistar rats were divided: SHAM, Ischemia 30 min (renal pedicles clamping for 30 min), Ischemia 30 + Sil (Sil 0,25 mg/kg 60 min before renal ischemia), Ischemia 30 + NAC (NAC 150 mg/kg before and after renal ischemia), Ischemia 45 min (renal pedicles clamping for 45 min), Ischemia 45 + Sil, Ischemia 45 + NAC. Renal function (creatinine clearance and urine sodium fractional excretion - FENa); oxidative injury (urinary peroxides, thiobarbituric acid reactive substances - TBARS, nitric oxide - NO and thiols in renal tissue); expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase - iNOS and heme oxygenase-1 HO-1 (western blotting) and kidney histological analysis (fractional interstitial area - FIA and tubuleinterstitial injury) were evaluated. Sil and NAC treatment in 30 min renal ischemia induced increase in renal function, decrease in the rate of oxidation and NO levels, iNOS absence and HO-1 expression. In the Ischemia 45 groups, Sil it maintained renal function, however demonstrated tubular and oxidative protection; NAC produced no renoprotective effect on any of the parameters evaluated. Histology studies showed that, only Sil induced reduction in FIA and tubuleinterstitial injury at 30 and 45 min ischemic time. The study confirmed that the functional and histological characteristics induced by time of ischemia determine the renoprotective pharmacological agent action in the AKI. HO-1 expression can be a renal protection mediator.
 
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Publishing Date
2011-03-23
 
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