• JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
 
  Bookmark and Share
 
 
Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.74.2010.tde-21022011-104735
Document
Author
Full name
Giovana Verginia Barancelli
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Pirassununga, 2010
Supervisor
Committee
Oliveira, Carlos Augusto Fernandes de (President)
Falcão, Juliana Pfrimer
Kamimura, Eliana Setsuko
Kuaye, Arnaldo Yoshiteru
Kushida, Marta Mitsui
Title in Portuguese
Ocorrência e caracterização sorológica e genotípica de Listeria monocytogenes em indústrias de queijo do Estado de São Paulo.
Keywords in Portuguese
Listeria monocytogenes
Laticínio
PFGE
Queijo
Sorotipo
Abstract in Portuguese
Pesquisas sobre Listeria monocytogenes em indústrias de produtos lácteos no Brasil são escassas. Três laticínios (A, B e C) produtores de queijos do Estado de São Paulo foram monitorados para a presença de L. monocytogenes no período de outubro/2008 a setembro/2009. Foram realizadas 12 coletas, correspondentes a 12 lotes de queijo produzidos, sendo quatro de cada laticínio. Em cada laticínio, as visitas foram realizadas com intervalos de aproximadamente 2 meses entre cada uma. Foram analisadas 393 amostras, sendo 201 de superfícies com e sem contato com alimentos e 192 de alimentos (leite cru e pasteurizado e queijo) água e salmoura, para pesquisa de L. monocytogenes. As análises foram realizadas de acordo com o método do Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Os resultados confirmam a presença de Listeria spp nas instalações dos três laticínios. L. monocytogenes, L. innocua, L. seeligeri e L. welshimeri foram as espécies isoladas neste estudo. Especificamente a espécie L. monocytogenes não foi encontrada no laticínio A, entretanto, o microrganismo foi isolado de 12,5% das amostras do laticínio B e de 9,1% do laticínio C. L. monocytogenes não foi isolada do leite cru dos silos, do leite pasteurizado, da água e dos queijos Minas frescal, nos 3 laticínios. Porém, no laticínio C, L. monocytogenes foi isolada de amostras de queijo Prato que foram incluídas apenas na 4ª coleta deste laticínio, além de ter sido isolada de amostras de salmoura. As maiores prevalências de contaminação por L. monocytogenes ocorreram em superfícies sem contato com alimentos, sendo positivas 51,6% das amostras do laticínio B e 21,7% do laticínio C. Em ambos os laticínios a bactéria também foi isolada de superfícies com contato com alimentos. Os resultados fornecem informações detalhadas dos pontos prioritários para o desenvolvimento de estratégias de controle de L. monocytogenes em laticínios e mostram a importância de programas de monitoramento ambiental do patógeno, mesmo em pequenas indústrias. Os 85 isolados identificados como L. monocytogenes revelaram-se de quatro sorotipos: 1/2a, 1/2b, 1/2c e 4b, com predomínio do 4b, em ambos os laticínios, o que é preocupante para a saúde pública. Com base nos resultados de PFGE (perfis combinados ApaI e AscI), 40 perfis (pulsotipos) foram obtidos. Pulsotipos foram isolados repetidamente entre coletas nos laticínios B e C, sugerindo persistência de linhagens nos laticínios. Apesar dos laticínios serem distantes e independentes, um pulsotipo foi compartilhado entre ambos. O laticínio A apresentou contaminação por mais de um pulsotipo de L. seeligeri e houve isolamento repetido de um pulsotipo dessa espécie, entre as coletas, sugerindo adaptação da bactéria e necessidade de controle do gênero Listeria nessa indústria. A ocorrência de um mesmo pulsotipo de L. monocytogenes com sorotipos diferentes (1/2b e 4b) mostra que a sorotipagem deve acompanhar análises mais refinadas como as de natureza genotípica.
Title in English
Occurrence, serological and genotypic characterization of Listeria monocytogenes in cheese manufacturing plants in São Paulo State.
Keywords in English
Listeria monocytogenes
Cheese
Cheese manufacturing plant
PFGE
Serotype
Abstract in English
Listeria monocytogenes surveys in cheese manufacturing plants in Brazil are rare. Three cheese manufacturing plants (A, B and C) in São Paulo state were monitored for the presence of Listeria monocytogenes during the period of October/2008 - September/2009. Twelve samples surveys were taken corresponding to 12 cheese lots produced, four in each plant. In each cheese plant, the samples were taken at intervals of approximately 2 months. There were 393 samples analyzed, 201 from surfaces with and without contact with food and 192 of food (raw and pasteurized milk and cheese), water and brine, with the objective of searching for L. monocytogenes. The analyses were performed in accordance with Food and Drug Administration (FDA) method. The results confirmed the presence of Listeria spp in the facilities of three plants. L. monocytogenes, L. innocua, L. seeligeri and L. weshimeri were the species isolated in this study. Specifically the L. monocytogenes specie was not isolated from plant A. However, the microorganism was isolated in 12.5% of the samples from plant B and 9.1% from plant C. Listeria monocytogenes was not isolated from raw milk in storage tanks, pasteurized milk, water or Minas frescal cheese samples from the three plants. Nevertheless, in plant C, L. monocytogenes was isolated in Prato cheese that was included only in the 4th sampling survey and also from the brine samples. The major prevalence of contamination by L. monocytogenes occurred on surfaces without contact with food, with 51.6% of the samples positive from plant B and 21.7% from plant C. In both plants, the microorganism was also isolated from food contact surfaces. The results provide detailed information about the critical points for the development of L. monocytogenes control strategies in cheese processing plants and, moreover, show the relevance of sampling programs of the pathogen, even in small cheese processing plants. The 85 isolates identified as L. monocytogenes were classified in four serotypes: 1/2a, 1/2b, 1/2c and 4b, with 4b dominating in both cheese plants, which is of concern to human health. On the basis of PFGE results (combined profiles ApaI and AscI), 40 profiles (pulsotypes) were found. Pulsotypes were isolated repeatedly among sampling surveys in plants B and C, suggesting persistence of lineages in the plants. Despite these plants being distant and independent, one pulsotype was shared between them. Plant A presented contamination by more than one pulsotype of L. seeligeri and there was a repetitive isolation of one pulsotype of this specie among samplings, suggesting adaptation of the bacterium and the need for control of the Listeria genus in this plant. The occurrence of one single pulsotype of L. monocytogenes with different serotypes (1/2b and 4b) show that serotyping should follow more refined analyses as the ones of genotypic nature.
 
WARNING - Viewing this document is conditioned on your acceptance of the following terms of use:
This document is only for private use for research and teaching activities. Reproduction for commercial use is forbidden. This rights cover the whole data about this document as well as its contents. Any uses or copies of this document in whole or in part must include the author's name.
3062311DO.pdf (2.28 Mbytes)
Publishing Date
2011-02-22
 
WARNING: Learn what derived works are clicking here.
All rights of the thesis/dissertation are from the authors
Centro de Informática de São Carlos
Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations of USP. Copyright © 2001-2020. All rights reserved.