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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.74.2010.tde-25042011-100504
Document
Author
Full name
Débora Caroline Gonçalves de Oliveira
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Pirassununga, 2010
Supervisor
Committee
Savastano Júnior, Holmer (President)
Moura, Daniella Jorge de
Rossignolo, João Adriano
Title in Portuguese
Avaliação do microclima interno de abrigos escamoteadores com diferentes tipos de pisos
Keywords in Portuguese
Cama sobreposta de suínos
Casca de arroz
Cimento Portland
Fibra de sisal
Placas de piso
Abstract in Portuguese
O objetivo deste trabalho é avaliar o microclima interno de escamoteadores com diferentes formulações de placas cimentícias para o piso, aquecido com resistência elétrica. As placas de argamassa de cimento Portland tiveram por base o aproveitamento de resíduos agropecuários (cama sobreposta de suíno, fibra curta de sisal e casca de arroz) na sua confecção, em busca da melhoria nas propriedades físicas e mecânicas das placas. Essas matérias-primas serão utilizadas como material alternativo, na busca do reaproveitamento destes resíduos, que, na maioria das vezes, são descartados de forma errônea, prejudicando o meio ambiente. Esses resíduos foram caracterizados de forma a analisar sua potencialidade para a confecção das placas para piso de abrigo escamoteador. Foram confeccionados corpos-de-prova com seis diferentes tipos de formulações: referência de cimento Portland (C1), de CCSS em substituição a 30% em massa do cimento Portland (C2); de CCSS substituindo 30% de cimento Portland e fibras curtas de sisal substituindo 1,7% da massa da areia (C3); de CCSS substituindo 30% de cimento Portland e com casca de arroz substituindo 4% em massa de areia (C4); de cimento Portland com casca de arroz substituindo 4% da areia (C5); de cimento Portland com fibras curtas de sisal substituindo 1,7% da massa da areia (C6). Com base nos resultados dos ensaios físicos e mecânicos, as melhores formulações (C2, C3 e C4) foram escolhidas para a confecção das placas para o abrigo escamoteador. Para caracterização do ambiente, foram utilizados data-loggers para coleta de variáveis para determinação dos índices de conforto térmico: índice de temperatura de globo e umidade (ITGU), carga térmica radiante (CTR), entalpia (H), além dos índices analisou-se também a temperatura ambiental (TA) e a umidade relativa (UR). Os dias com menor valor de entalpia (H) foram considerados para análise comparativa dos índices de conforto, e os abrigos escamoteadores foram submetidos a quatro diferentes temperaturas de resistência (30, 35, 45 e 55 ºC). Os valores recome ndados para ITGU, CTR, H, TA e UR foram observados nos três diferentes tratamentos com a temperatura da resistência elétrica acima de 35ºC. Os resultado s obtidos validaram o destino alternativo a CCSS, a fibra de sisal e a casca de arroz, como materiais viáveis para utilização em placas de piso para abrigos escamoteadores com aceitável desempenho térmico, físico e mecânico.
Title in English
Evaluation of the internal microclimate of piggy´s houses with different types of floors
Keywords in English
Floor plates
Portland cement
Rice husk
Sisal fiber
Swine deep bedding
Abstract in English
The objective of this study is to evaluate the internal microclimate of piggy's houses with different formulations of cementitious boards for the floor, warmed with electrical resistance. The boards of ordinary Portland cement mortar were based on the use of agricultural residues (swine deep bedding, short-fiber sisal and rice husk) in its production, in search of improvement in physical and mechanical properties of the plates. These raw materials will be used as alternative materials searching reuse of waste, which in most cases are disposed of wrongly, harming the environment. These wastes were characterized in order to assess was potential for making the plates for floor piggy's houses. Samples were prepared with six different types of formulations: reference ordinary Portland cement (OPC) (C1), replacement of OPC by 30% by weight of ashes swine deep bedding (ASDB) (C2); replacement of OPC by 30% of ASDB and fiber short sisal replacing 1.7% of the mass of sand (C3); replacement of OPC by 30% of ASDB and rice husk replacing 4% by mass of sand (C4); OPC with rice husk replacing 4% of the sand (C5); OPC with short sisal fibers replacing 1.7% of the sand (C6). Based on the results of the mechanical and physical tests, the best formulations (C2, C3 and C4) were chosen for the preparation of the floor plates in the piggy's houses. To characterize the environment, data-loggers were installed for the collection of variables to determine the thermal comfort indices: black globe temperature and humidity index (BGHI), radiant heat load (RHL), enthalpy (H), ambient temperature (AT) and relative humidity (RH). The days with lower values of enthalpy (H) were considered for comparative analyses of the comfort indices, and piggy's houses were subjected to four different temperatures of electric resistance (30, 35, 45 and 55ºC). The recommended v alues for BGHI, RHL, H, AT and RH were achieved in the three different treatments with temperature of electric resistance above 35ºC. The results validat ed the alternative destination to ASDB, sisal fiber and rice husks as viable material for use in floor plates piggy's houses with acceptable thermal, physical and mechanical performance.
 
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ME3744019.pdf (4.43 Mbytes)
Publishing Date
2011-04-25
 
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