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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.74.2014.tde-28012015-164030
Document
Author
Full name
Marcelo Candido
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Pirassununga, 2014
Supervisor
Committee
Sousa, Ricardo Luiz Moro de (President)
Carrasco, Adriano de Oliveira Torres
Queiroz, Sabrina Ribeiro de Almeida
Title in Portuguese
Detecção e caracterização moleculares de Astrovirus bovino na região centro-sul do Brasil
Keywords in Portuguese
Astrovírus bovino
Epidemiologia molecular
Sanidade bovina
Abstract in Portuguese
As doenças entéricas associadas com diarreia, desidratação e perda de peso constituem um dos principais problemas da bovinocultura mundial, contribuindo para expressivos índices de morbidade e mortalidade, principalmente entre neonatos. Nesse contexto, exigências para o aprimoramento do diagnóstico laboratorial de doenças entéricas de natureza infectocontagiosa, tornaram-se constantes, face às perdas econômicas vinculadas. Entre os principais enteropatógenos virais, de distribuição mundial e história recente, destaca-se o astrovírus bovino (BoAstV), cuja primeira identificação data de 1978. BoAstV entérico induz diarreia principalmente entre neonatos e imunocomprometidos, tendo uma prevalência acima de 60% nas 5 primeiras semanas de vida dos animais. Devido à carência de dados a respeito da prevalência desse vírus no Brasil, o presente estudo foi realizado objetivando a detecção e caracterização moleculares de cepas de BoAstV em amostras fecais de bovinos com e sem diarreia de diferentes idades. O estudo foi conduzido a partir de 272 animais em diferentes estados do Brasil, obtendo-se 14,3% de positividade através de RT-PCR, sendo que 11 amostras, provenientes dos estados de São Paulo, Minas Gerais e Rio Grande do Sul, foram submetidas ao sequenciamento nucleotídico. A similaridade entre as sequências deduzidas de aminoácidos das amostras obtidas foi maior do que 86,8%, quando comparadas umas com as outras, e situou-se entre 86,2 a 94,8% quando comparadas com sequências de outros BoAstV descritos. Nas reconstruções filogenéticas, 9 amostras agruparam-se conjuntamente em clado distinto de outros BoAstV, uma amostra (BoAstV-155-BRA) formou ramo parafilético a clado que agrupa tanto outros BoAstV como astrovírus de cervídeos e a amostra restante (BoAstV-267-BRA) formou ramo basal aos astrovírus bovinos e suínos. No entanto, o posicionamento das 2 amostras divergentes (BoAstV-155-BRA e BoAstV-267-BRA) não derivou de episódios de seleção positiva ou recombinação. Em síntese, os resultados obtidos indicam, de maneira inédita, a circulação de variantes de BoAstV entérico em rebanhos de estados da região centro-sul do Brasil.
Title in English
Molecular detection and characterization of bovine Astrovirus in centralsouth region of Brazil
Keywords in English
Bovine astrovirus
Bovine health
Molecular epidemiology
Abstract in English
Enteric diseases associated with diarrhea, dehydration and weight loss is one of the major problems of cattle worldwide, contributing to significant morbidity and mortality, especially among newborns. In this context, demands for improving the laboratory diagnosis of infectious enteric diseases, became constant, given the economic losses involved. Among the major viral enteropathogens of worldwide distribution and recent history, highlight the bovine astrovirus (BoAstV), whose first mention dates from 1978. Enteric BoAstV induce diarrhea especially among newborns and immunocompromised animals, having a prevalence above 60% in the first 5 weeks of life. Due to lack of data concerning the occurrence of this virus in Brazil, the present study was aimed at molecular detection and characterization of BoAstV strains in fecal samples from cattle with and without diarrhea of different ages. The study was conducted on 272 animals from different states of Brazil, obtaining positivity of 14.3% by RT-PCR, and 11 samples from the states of São Paulo, Minas Gerais and Rio Grande do Sul were subjected to nucleotide sequencing. The similarity between the deduced amino acid sequences of the samples was greater than 86.8% when compared with each other and was between 86.2 to 94.8% compared with sequences of other BoAstV described. In phylogenetic reconstructions, 9 samples were grouped together in a separate clade from other BoAstV, a sample (BoAstV-155-BRA) formed a paraphyletic branch to a clade that groups both other BoAstV and deer astrovirus and the remaining sample (267-BRA-BoAstV ) formed a basal branch to bovine and porcine astrovirus. However, the positioning of the two different samples (BoAstV-155-BRA and BoAstV-267-BRA) did not derive from episodes of positive selection or recombination. In summary, the results indicate, in an unprecedented manner, the circulation of enteric BoAstV variants in herds of cattle form states of the south-central region of Brazil.
 
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2015-02-11
 
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