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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.74.2018.tde-28052018-093407
Document
Author
Full name
Roice Eliana Rosim
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Pirassununga, 2017
Supervisor
Committee
Oliveira, Carlos Augusto Fernandes de (President)
Kamimura, Eliana Setsuko
Corassin, Carlos Humberto
Rocha, Liliana de Oliveira
Title in Portuguese
Determinação de aflatoxina B1-lisina sérica para avaliação da exposição de frangos de corte e suínos à aflatoxina B1
Keywords in Portuguese
AFB1
AFB1-lisina
Biomarcador
Biotransformação
Frangos de corte
Suínos
Abstract in Portuguese
As aflatoxinas são compostos carcinogênicos produzidos por fungos do gênero Aspergillus, que contaminam alimentos antes e após o processamento, causando riscos à saúde humana e perdas econômicas na produção animal. A exposição à aflatoxina B1 (AFB1), principal metabólito com maior toxicidade produzido pelo fungo, ocorre predominantemente através da ingestão de alimentos contaminados, sobretudo milho, amendoim e derivados. Após absorção e biotransformação da AFB1 por enzimas hepáticas microssomais, a toxina biotransformada liga-se com macromoléculas originando adutos tais como AFB1-lisina. A AFB1-lisina indica a dose interna de AFB1 que foi efetivamente absorvida através de alimentos contaminados. Os objetivos deste estudo foram determinar a concentração dos níveis séricos de AFB1-lisina em frangos de corte e suínos, e verificar a correlação entre os parâmetros bioquímicos séricos (aspartato aminotransferase [AST] e gama glutamiltransferase [GGT], proteína total [PT], albumina [Alb] e globulina [Glob]) e a concentração de AFB1-lisina em soro dos referidos animais. Para isto, foram realizados dois experimentos independentes, sendo um com frangos de corte (N = 40) subdivididos em dois grupos iguais (ração controle e ração contendo 222,17 µg/kg AFB1) alimentados com as dietas experimentais durante 14 dias, e outro com suínos (N = 20) alimentados com ração normal utilizada rotineiramente em um Campus universitário, sem qualquer intervenção. As rações foram analisadas quanto à presença de aflatoxinas por cromatografia líquida de alta eficiência (CLAE), enquanto que a AFB1-lisina no soro foi determinada através de CLAE acoplada a espectrômetro de massas (EM/EM). A AFB1 no nível testado não causou sinais visíveis de intoxicação. Os níveis das enzimas séricas (AST e GGT), PT e Glob não apresentaram diferenças (p>0,05) entre os tratamentos, nem entre os dias, exceto no 42º dia, quando GGT foi menor (p<0,05) que nos dias 28 e 35. Os valores de Alb foram menores (p<0,05) no tratamento com AFB1 aos 42 dias. A AFB1-lisina foi detectada no soro de todos os frangos do tratamento com AFB1, em níveis de 56.52 a 77.83 ng/mg Alb nos dias 35 e 42 de idade, respectivamente. Esses valores indicam a dose interna de AFB1 nas aves, a qual se correlacionou negativamente (p<0,05) com os níveis de PT, Alb e Glob. No experimento com suínos, a dieta apresentou níveis não detectáveis ou muito baixos de AFB1; portanto, a AFB1-lisina não foi detectada nas amostras de soro dos suínos. Os dados indicam que a AFB1-lisina apresenta potencial como biomarcador específico e sensível para a avaliação da exposição de aflatoxinas na dieta, bem como para fins de diagnósticos.
Title in English
Determination of serum aflatoxin B1-lysine for exposure evaluation of broilers and pigs to aflatoxin B1
Keywords in English
AFB1
AFB1-lysine
Biomarker
Biotransformation
Broilers
Pigs
Abstract in English
Aflatoxins are carcinogenic compounds produced by fungi of the genus Aspergillus that contaminate food before and after processing, resulting in risks to human health and economic losses in animal production. Exposure to aflatoxin B1 (AFB1), the main metabolite with greater toxicity produced by the fungus, occurs predominantly through ingestion of contaminated food, especially mayze, groundnuts and derivatives. After absorption and biotransformation of AFB1 by hepatic microsomal enzymes, the biotransformed toxin binds to macromolecules thus originating adducts such as AFB1-lysine. The AFB1-lysine adduct indicates the internal AFB1 dose that was actually absorbed through contaminated food. The objectives of this study were to determine the serum AFB1-lysine levels in broiler chicks and pigs, and check the correlation between the serum biochemistry parameters (aspartate aminotransferase [AST] e gamma-glutamyl transferase [GGT], total proteína [TP], albumin [Alb] and globulin [Glob]) and the concentration of AFB1-lysine in the serum of those animals. To this end, two independent experiments were conducted, one with broiler chicks (N = 40) subdivided into two equal groups (control feed, and feed containing 222,17 µg/kg AFB1) fed the experimental diets during 14 days, and the other with pigs (N = 20) fed normal diets routinely prepared in an University Campus, without any intervention. Feeds were analyzed for afltaoxins by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), while serum AFB1-lysin was determined by HPLC coupled to mass spectrometry (MS/MS). AFB1 at the level tested did not cause any sign of intoxication. The levels of serum enzymes (AST and GGT), TP and Glob did not show any difference (p>0.05) between treatments, or at different days, except for GGT on the 42nd day, which as lower (p<0.05) than concentrations on days 28 and 35. AFB1-lysine levels were detected in serum of all broilers fed the AFB1-contaminated diet, at mean levels of 56.52 to 77.83 ng/mg Alb on days 35 and 42 of age, respectively. These values indicated the internal dose of AFB1 in the birds, which negatively correlated (p<0.05) with the TP, Alb and Glob levels. In the experiment with pigs, non detectable or very low levels of AFB1 were found in the diets; therefore no AFB1-lysin was detected in the pig serum samples. Data indicated that AFB1-lysine shows the potential to be a sensitive and specific biomarker for the evaluation of broiler exposure to dietary aflatoxin, as well as for use in diagnostic purposes.
 
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Publishing Date
2018-05-30
 
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