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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.74.2019.tde-14022019-112925
Document
Author
Full name
Abgail Suelen da Costa Ribeiro
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Pirassununga, 2018
Supervisor
Committee
Petrus, Rodrigo Rodrigues (President)
Freire, Maria Teresa de Alvarenga
Kushida, Marta Mitsui
Venturini Filho, Waldemar Gastoni
Title in Portuguese
Estabilidade de néctar de jabuticaba e caldo de cana acondicionados em garrafa plástica incorporada com agentes inorgânicos microestruturados de prata e óxido de zinco
Keywords in Portuguese
Bebidas não-alcoólicas
Embalagem ativa
Vida de prateleira
Abstract in Portuguese
A embalagem desempenha uma função crucial na estabilidade dos alimentos. Neste estudo avaliou-se a estabilidade microbiológica de néctar de jabuticaba e caldo de cana pasteurizados (85 ºC/30 s), acondicionados assepticamente em garrafa de polietileno de alta densidade (PEAD) incorporada com agentes inorgânicos microestruturados com Ag/ZnO. Os lotes processados foram estocados a 5 ºC na ausência de luz. Testes físico-químicos, microbiológicos e sensoriais foram conduzidos para avaliar a estabilidade e estimar o tempo de vida útil das bebidas. Médias de notas superiores a 5 (na escala hedônica de 9 pontos) e percentagens de aceitação superiores a 60% foram estabelecidas para estimar o tempo de vida de prateleira das bebidas. Os resultados dos testes físico-químicos para o néctar de jabuticaba variaram de 3,40 a 3,76 para o pH, de 11,0 a 12,5 ºBrix para sólidos solúveis totais, e de 0,52 a 0,76% (m/m) de ácido cítrico para acidez total titulável. Para o caldo de cana, os valores de pH, sólidos solúveis totais e acidez total titulável variaram de 5,10 a 5,37; 14,3 a 24,0 ºBrix e de 0,05 a 0,13%(m/m) ácido cítrico, respectivamente, durante o período do estudo. Para o néctar de jabuticaba, as contagens de mesófilos, psicrotróficos e bolores e leveduras variaram de 1 a 1,5; < 1est a 1; < 1est a 1,3 logUFC/mL respectivamente, durante o período de estocagem. Para o caldo de cana as contagens variaram de < 1est a 4,5 1est a 4,4; 1est a 4,0 logUFC/mL. O néctar de jabuticaba alcançou maior estabilidade microbiológica que o caldo de cana. As médias de notas para sabor, aparência e impressão global obtidas nos testes de escala hedônica variaram entre 6 a 7,1 para o néctar de jabuticaba e 5 e 7,7 para o caldo de cana. O néctar de jabuticaba e caldo de cana permaneceram microbiologicamente estáveis por um período de 120 e 50 dias, respectivamente. Os agentes inorgânicos microestruturados com Ag/ZnO não exerceram influência na estabilidade microbiológica dos dois produtos.
Title in English
Stability of jabuticaba nectar and sugarcane juice in plastic bottle incorporated with silver and zinc oxide microstructured inorganic agents
Keywords in English
Active packaging
Non-alcoholic beverages
Shelf life
Abstract in English
Packaging plays a crucial role in food stability. In this study, the microbiological stability of pasteurized (85 ºC/30 s) jabuticaba nectar and cane juice, aseptically packaged in high density polyethylene (HDPE) bottle treated with silver and zinc oxide (Ag/ZnO), was evaluated. All processed batches were stored at 5 ºC in the dark. Physicochemical, microbiological and sensory tests were conducted to evaluate the stability and estimate the beverage´s shelf life. Average scores greater than 5 (in the 9-point hedonic scale) and percentage of approval greater than 60% were both used as threshold values for estimating the product´s shelf life. As for the nectar, the pH ranged from 3.40 to 3.76; soluble solids from 11.0 to 12.5 ºBrix and titratable total acidity from 0.52 to 0.76% (w/w) citric acid. The pH values, total soluble solids and titratable acidity of cane juice varied from 5.10 to 5.37; 14.3 to 24.0 ºBrix and 0.05 to 0.13%(w/w) citric acid, respectively, during the storage. For nectar, counts of mesophiles, psychrotrophs and molds and yeasts ranged from 1 to 1.5; < 1est to 1; < 1est to 1.3 logCFU/mL, respectively, during the storage period. For the cane juice the counts ranged from < 1est to 4.5; <1est to 4.4; <1est to 4.0 logCFU/mL. Jabuticaba nectar achieved longer microbiological stability than cane juice. The mean scores for flavor, appearance and overall impression obtained in the nine-point hedonic scale tests ranged from 6 to 7.1 for jabuticaba nectar and 5 and 7.7 for cane juice. Nectar and cane juice remained microbiologically stable for 120 and 50 days, respectively. The Ag/ZnO microstructured inorganic agents had no influence on the microbiological stability of both products.
 
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Publishing Date
2019-03-08
 
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