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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.74.2015.tde-14102015-104221
Document
Author
Full name
Carine Oliveira da Silva
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Pirassununga, 2015
Supervisor
Committee
Petrus, Rodrigo Rodrigues (President)
Anjos, Carlos Alberto Rodrigues
Kushida, Marta Mitsui
Title in Portuguese
Análise de desempenho microbiológico de uma linha de processamento piloto de caldo de cana
Keywords in Portuguese
Caldo de cana
Envase asséptico
Pontos críticos de controle
Processamento
Abstract in Portuguese
O presente estudo foi desenvolvido com o objetivo de avaliar o desempenho microbiológico de uma linha de processamento e envase asséptico de caldo de cana acidificado. Para este fim foram identificados pontos críticos de controle em uma planta piloto instalada no Departamento de Engenharia de Alimentos da Faculdade de Zootecnia e Engenharia de Alimentos da Universidade de São Paulo, no campus de Pirassununga/SP. Inicialmente o caldo de cana foi extraído e acidificado com ácido cítrico a um valor de pH equivalente a 4,3. A bebida acidificada foi pasteurizada a 95 °C / 30 s, resfriada a 10 °C e acondicionada assepticamente em garrafas plásticas seladas por indução. O envase do produto foi conduzido em uma cabina de fluxo de ar unidirecional ISO classe 5. As garrafas foram descontaminadas por aspersão de ácido peracético a 0,05% (v/v), por 20 s a 45 ºC. Os selos e as tampas foram esterilizados a 121 ºC / 15 min. Realizaram-se três processamentos de caldo de cana, em datas distintas, tendo sido caracterizada a matéria-prima e avaliados a qualidade microbiológica do caldo recém-extraído; a água de enxágue final da linha de processamento e envase, após a sua desinfecção com solução de ácido peracético (0,1% v/v) a 50 ºC durante 40 min; a embalagem e o produto final. Testes de escala hedônica de 7 pontos foram aplicados para avaliar a aparência, o aroma e o sabor da bebida processada. Os valores médios de pH, de acidez titulável e de sólidos solúveis determinados na matéria-prima foram equivalentes a 5,1; 0,061%(m/v) e 22,3 ºBrix, respectivamente. As médias das contagens de micro-organismos mesófilos aeróbios totais e de bolores e leveduras no caldo in natura foram equivalentes a (6,26 e 5,20) logUFC/mL, respectivamente. As médias das contagens na água de enxágue final (pasteurizada) da linha de processamento e envase foram inferiores a 1 UFC/mL. As contagens de mesófilos, de bolores e leveduras nas embalagens foram igualmente inferiores a 1 UFC/embalagem. As médias das contagens de mesófilos aeróbios e de bolores e leveduras na bebida acidificada e pasteurizada foram equivalentes a (2,63 e < 1) logUFC/mL, respectivamente. As médias de notas obtidas nos testes de escala hedônica de 7 pontos variaram entre 5,8 e 6,1; demonstrando a elevada aceitação do caldo de cana acidificado. Concluiu-se que a planta de processamento avaliada mostrou-se apta ao processamento de caldo de cana acidificado, estocado sob refrigeração.
Title in English
Sugarcane juice processed in a pilot plant: the microbiological evaluation
Keywords in English
Aseptic filling
Critical control points
Processing
Sugarcane juice
Abstract in English
This study was carried out to evaluate the microbiological performance of a pilot plant designed for acidified sugarcane juice processing. For this purpose, critical control points in a pilot plant were identified. The juice was extracted in a stainless steel electric cylinder mill and then acidified with citric acid until attaining the pH of 4.3. Next, it was pasteurized in a plate heat exchanger at 95 ºC/30 s and then cooled to 10 ºC before being filled into a plastic bottle and induction sealed. Product's filling was performed in an ISO class 5 unidirectional air-flow cabin. Bottles were decontaminated by 0.05% peracetic acid (PAA) spray, at 45 ºC for 20 s. Seals and caps were sterilized at 121 ºC/15 min. Three batches of acidified sugarcane juice were carried out. The qualities of the raw material, rinse water of the processing and filling line (after sanitation with 0.1% PAA at 50 ºC for 40 min), packaging and end product, were all microbiologically evaluated. Seven-point hedonic scale tests were used to evaluate the sensory acceptance of the product. The mean values of pH, titratable acidity and soluble solids content determined in raw sugarcane juice were 5.1, 0.061%(w/w) and 22.3 ºC, respectively. The total aerobic mesophilic and the molds and yeasts mean counts in natural fresh sugarcane juice were (6.26 and 5.20) logCFU/mL, respectively. The mesophilic and the molds and yeasts mean counts taken, in both rinse water samples of the processing line and the bottles, were lower than 1 logCFU/mL. The mesophilic and the molds and yeasts mean counts in acidified and pasteurized sugarcane juice were (2.63 and lower than 1) logCFU/mL, respectively. A beverage with a high sensory acceptance with average scores ranging from 5.8 to 6.1 was achieved. The findings indicated that the procedures that were evaluated met standards for acidified sugarcane juice to be produced then stored under refrigeration.
 
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ME5209721COR.pdf (1.90 Mbytes)
Publishing Date
2015-10-19
 
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