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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.74.2011.tde-19092011-110737
Document
Author
Full name
Patricia Goldschmidt Lins
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Pirassununga, 2011
Supervisor
Committee
Melo, Mariza Pires de (President)
Pereira, Angélica Simone Cravo
Trindade, Marco Antonio
Title in Portuguese
Campo magnético pulsado na preservação de carne bovina moída
Keywords in Portuguese
Campo eletromagnético
Estabilidade oxidativa
Micro-organismos
Mioglobina
Preservação de alimentos
Qualidade de carne
Tecnologias de conservação
Abstract in Portuguese
O presente estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a utilização de campo magnético pulsado (CMP) de baixa intensidade na preservação da qualidade microbiológica, cor e estabilidade oxidativa de carne bovina moída durante armazenamento aeróbio refrigerado. Amostras moídas de peixinho bovino (músculo Supraspinatus) foram expostas a CMP por 2 horas às frequências de 1, 30 ou 60 Hz ou, em outra etapa, expostas a CMP de 1 Hz de frequência por 2 horas ou continuamente por 12 dias. Amostras controle não foram expostas ao CMP. As amostras foram armazenadas a 4ºC por até 12 dias, e avaliadas a cada seis dias por meio de análise microbiológica de contagem total de bactérias mesófilas aeróbias, e a cada dois dias por meio de análises físico-químicas e bioquímicas: pH, cor instrumental (escala CIELAB), mioglobina e oxidação lipídica. A exposição ao CMP de 1 Hz por 2 horas reduziu a contagem de mesófilos aeróbios com relação ao controle em 1,3 ciclos logarítmicos no 12º dia de armazenamento refrigerado. Os conteúdos de metamioglobina das amostras expostas por 2 horas ao CMP, independente da frequência de pulso, foram significativamente menores com relação ao controle no 6º dia de armazenamento refrigerado. Os demais parâmetros de qualidade não sofreram alteração significativa com relação ao controle durante o armazenamento e não foi verificado efeito das diferentes frequências de CMP. Conclui-se que campo magnético pulsado de baixa intensidade (ordem de mili Tesla) apresenta potencial para ser utilizado como tecnologia inovadora, em combinação com a refrigeração, na preservação de carnes frescas. Todavia, mais estudos são necessários para melhor entendimento dos mecanismos de ação de campo magnético, principalmente em alimentos.
Title in English
Pulsed magnetic field in ground beef preservation
Keywords in English
Electromagnetic fields
Food preservation
Meat quality
Microorganisms
Myoglobin
Oxidative stability
Preservation technologies
Abstract in English
This study aimed to evaluate the use of low intensity pulsed magnetic field (PMF) in the preservation of microbiological quality, color and oxidative stability of ground beef during aerobic refrigerated storage. Ground beef samples of chuck tender (Supraspinatus muscle) were exposed to PMF for 2 hours at frequencies of 1, 30 and 60 Hz or, in another step, they were exposed to a 1 Hz PMF for 2 hours or continuously for 12 days. Control samples were not exposed to PMF. Samples were stored at 4ºC for up to 12 days, and evaluated every six days through microbiological analysis of total aerobic mesophilic bacteria count, and every two days through physicochemical and biochemical analysis of pH, instrumental color (CIELAB scale), myoglobin and lipid oxidation. Exposure to 1 Hz PMF for 2 hours reduced the growth of aerobic mesophiles in relation to the control by 1.3 logarithmic cycles in the 12th day of refrigerated storage. Metmyoglobin content of samples exposed to the PMF for 2 hours, regardless of the pulse frequency, were significantly lower compared to the control in the 6th day of refrigerated storage. The other quality parameters did not change significantly during storage compared to the control and it was not observed effect of different PMF frequencies. We concluded that low intensity pulsed magnetic field (order of mili Tesla) has the potential to be used as innovative technology, in combination with refrigeration, in fresh meat preservation. However, more studies are needed to better understand the mechanisms of action of magnetic field, mainly in foods.
 
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ME3560561.pdf (1.41 Mbytes)
Publishing Date
2011-09-20
 
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