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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.74.2017.tde-16022017-091527
Document
Author
Full name
Kátia Helena dos Santos
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Pirassununga, 2016
Supervisor
Committee
Pallone, Eliria Maria de Jesus Agnolon (President)
Alves Junior, Clodomiro
Arantes, Vera Lúcia
Lobo, Anderson de Oliveira
Title in Portuguese
Estudo da adesão e uniformidade do revestimento de fosfato de cálcio no nanocompósito de alumina-zircônia
Keywords in Portuguese
Alumina-zircônia
Fosfatos de cálcio
Nanocompósitos
Recobrimento biomimético
Tratamentos superficiais
Abstract in Portuguese
Nanocompósitos de Al2O3/ZrO2 apresentam-se promissores para serem utilizados como biomateriais, por promoverem melhorias significativas quanto à homogeneidade microestrutural, propriedades mecânicas e serem biologicamente inerte. Dentre as técnicas capazes de tornar seu desempenho biológico mais adequado, o recobrimento biomimético tem se destacado, sendo que sua eficiência pode ser melhorada a partir de prévios tratamentos superficiais. Nesse sentido, o objetivo desse trabalho foi estudar a adesão e a uniformidade do revestimento de fosfato de cálcio em nanocompósitos de Al2O3 contendo 5% em volume de inclusões nanométricas de ZrO2. Para isso, nanocompósitos foram conformados, sinterizados, tratados quimicamente com soluções de H3PO4, HNO3 e NaOH e por plasma em diferentes condições de processo: 20%N2-80%H2, 40%N2-60%H2, 40%N2-40%H2-20%O2, 30%N2-50%H2-20%O2, 100%N2 e 100%O2 e recobertos biomimeticamente com soluções que simulam o plasma sanguíneo (SBF 1,5x e 5,0x) nos tempos de 7, 14, 21 e 28 dias de incubação. A partir dos resultados obtidos pode-se observar que os prévios tratamentos superficiais promoveram variações na rugosidade média superficial (Ra) entre 0,045 e 0,079 µm. Além disso, independentemente do tratamento superficial, observou-se a formação de apenas três fases de fosfatos de cálcio: hidroxiapatita (HA), α-fosfato tricálcico (α-TCP) e β-fosfato tricálcico (β-TCP). Observou-se ainda, que o percentual das fases formadas variou de acordo com o tratamento, sugerindo a possibilidade de controlar a razão TCP:HA. Nos resultados obtidos pelo teste de riscamento observou-se que tratamentos realizados com plasma, H3PO4 e HNO3 aumentaram a carga crítica (Lc) entre 2,0 e 2,9N, melhorando assim a aderência da camada de fosfato de cálcio formada. Os testes de proliferação celular utilizando linhagem de células de hamster chinês (CHO) demonstraram que os nanocompósitos tratados com H3PO4, HNO3 e NaOH e recobertos biomimeticamente com SBF 5,0x são biocompatíveis.
Title in English
Study of the adhesion and uniformity of calcium phosphate nanocomposite coating alumina-zirconia
Keywords in English
Alumina-zirconia
Biomimetic coating
Calcium phosphate
Nanocomposites
Surface treatments
Abstract in English
Nanocomposite Al2O3/ZrO2 have to be promising to be used as biomaterials for promoting significant improvements in the microstructural homogeneity, mechanical properties and be biologically inert. Among the techniques to make it more useful biological performance, the biomimetic coating has been highlighted, and its efficiency can be improved from previous surface treatments. In this sense, the objective of this work was to study the adhesion and uniformity of calcium phosphate nanocomposite coating of Al2O3 containing 5% by volume of nanometric inclusions of ZrO2. For this nanocomposites were shaped, sintered, chemically treated with solutions of H3PO4, HNO3 and NaOH, and plasma in different process conditions: 20%N2-80%H2, 40%N2-60%H2, 40%N2-40%H2-20%O2, 30%N2-50%H2-20% O2, 100% N2 and 100%O2 and covered with solutions biomimetic that simulate the blood plasma (SBF 1.5x and 5.0x) in the times of 7, 14, 21 and 28 days of incubation. From the results obtained it can be seen that prior surface treatments promoted variations in average surface roughness (Ra) from 0.045 to 0.079 micrometers. Furthermore, regardless of surface treatment, formation of the observed only three-phase calcium phosphate: hydroxyapatite (HA), tricalcium α-phosphate (α-TCP) and β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP). It was also observed that the percentage of phases formed varied according to the treatment, suggesting the possibility of controlling the ratio TCP:HA. In the results obtained by scratching test was observed that plasma treatments performed, HNO3 and H3PO4 increased the critical load (Lc) between 2.0 and 2,9N, thereby improving the adhesion of the calcium phosphate layer is formed. Cell proliferation assays The strain using chinese hamster cells (CHO) have demonstrated that nanocomposites treated with H3PO4, HNO3 and NaOH, and coated with solution biomimetic SBF 5.0x are biocompatible.
 
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Release Date
2019-02-16
Publishing Date
2017-03-03
 
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