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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.75.2017.tde-17052017-154956
Document
Author
Full name
Barbara Bernardim de Souza
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Carlos, 2017
Supervisor
Committee
Burtoloso, Antonio Carlos Bender (President)
Porto, André Luiz Meleiro
Brocksom, Timothy John
Correia, Carlos Roque Duarte
Oliveira, Kleber Thiago de
Title in Portuguese
Novas metodologias em síntese orgânica empregando o rearranjo de Wolff em diazocetonas insaturadas
Keywords in Portuguese
Bioconjugação
Cicloadições
Diazocetonas insaturadas
Proteínas
Rearranjo de Wolff
Abstract in Portuguese

Entre os diferentes tipos de substratos diazocarbonílicos encontrados na literatura, as diazocetonas α,β-insaturadas têm mostrado promissoras aplicações como intermediários multifuncionais. Este trabalho de tese foi dividido em três capítulos e visou expandir as aplicações das diazocetonas α,β-insaturadas em química e bioquímica. No primeiro capítulo, as diazocetonas foram apresentadas como plataformas para a síntese direta de amidas e ésteres β,γ-insaturados via Rearranjo de Wolff. Quando diazocetonas derivadas de amino-aldeídos foram utilizadas, isósteros peptídicos foram obtidos como demonstrado na síntese rápida e eficiente do nitróxido JP4-039. No mesmo capítulo, um estudo aprofundado comprovando a eficiência de diferentes lâmpadas comerciais (CFL e LED) para promover o Rearranjo de Wolff é apresentado, representando uma alternativa sustentável. O segundo capítulo é voltado a expansão da química das diazocetonas insaturadas para o estudo de reações de cicloadição [2+2] e [4+2]. Foi demonstrado o preparo dos ésteres precursores para reações de cicloadições via rearranjo de Wolff na presença de álcoois alílicos e as tentativas que culimaram na síntese de um cicloaduto de Diels-Alder. O capítulo 3 foi dedicado ao emprego das diazocetonas α,β-insaturadas para a modificação química específica de proteínas. As diazocetonas foram aplicadas com sucesso para este fim, assim como inspiraram o desenvolvimento de um novo método promissor de bioconjugacão seletiva para cisteínas.

Title in English
New methodologies in organic synthesis using the Wolff rearrangement from unsaturated diazoketones
Keywords in English
Bioconjugation
Cycloaddition
Proteins
Unsaturated diazoketones
Wolff rearrangement
Abstract in English

Among the various types of diazocarbonyl substrates found in the literature, α,β-unsaturated diazoketones have shown a number of promising applications as multifunctional intermediates. This thesis is divided into three chapters, aimed at expanding the reactivity of such α,β-unsaturated diazoketones for synthetic chemistry and chemical biology applications. In the first chapter, diazoketones are presented as platforms for the direct synthesis of β,γ-unsaturated amides and esters via a Wolff rearrangement reaction. When diazoketones derived from amino-aldehyde are substrates, peptidic isosters are obtained, as demonstrated in the efficient synthesis of the nitroxide drug, JP4-039. In the same chapter, a study demonstrating the efficiency of several commercial light sources (CFL and LED) to promote the Wolff rearrangement was described, representing a sustainable alternative to UV lamps for this interesting reaction. The second chapter sought to expand the chemistry of unsaturated diazoketones for the study of [2 + 2] and [4 + 2] cycloaddition reactions. The preparation of the precursor esters for cycloaddition reaction was demonstrated by the Wolff rearrangement of precursors in the presence of allylic alcohols, and the attempt then culminated in the synthesis of a Diels-Alder cycloadduct. Chapter 3 was devoted to the use of α,β-unsaturated diazoketones for the site-specific chemical modification of proteins. These have been successfully demonstrated for this purpose, as well as inspiring the development of a promising new method for selective bioconjugation of cysteines.

 
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Publishing Date
2017-05-18
 
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