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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.76.2003.tde-01092010-172135
Document
Author
Full name
Caio Eduardo de Campos Tambelli
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Carlos, 2003
Supervisor
Committee
Gonzalez, Jose Pedro Donoso (President)
Barberis, Gaston Eduardo
Bonagamba, Tito Jose
Schneider, Jose Fabian
Zanotto, Edgar Dutra
Title in Portuguese
Estudo por técnicas de ressonância magnética nuclear das propriedades físicas de novos eletrólitos poliméricos e vidros fosfatos
Keywords in Portuguese
Eletrólitos poliméricos
Ressonância magnética
Vidros fosfatos
Abstract in Portuguese
Neste trabalho foram estudados novos eletrólitos poliméricos e vidros fosfatos utilizando a técnica de Ressonância Magnética Nuclear. Os eletrólitos estudados foram o poliéster (etileno glicol / ácido cítrico - EG/AC) e os filmes de hidroxietilcelulose (HEC) entrecruzados com diisocianatos de poli (óxido de etileno) e poli (óxido de propileno), ambos dopados com sais de lítio No estudo dos eletrólitos poliméricos, foram realizadas medidas da forma de linha e da taxa de relaxação spin-rede do 1H e do 7Li em função da temperatura e da viscosidade, com objetivo de estudar a mobilidade da cadeia polimérica e dos íons lítio. Os valores para o tempo de correlação, obtidos dos dados de relaxação, mostram que a mobilidade da cadeia polimérica e dos íons lítio são comparáveis aos encontrados em outros eletrólitos poliméricos similares Os sistemas vítreos estudados foram o vidro fosfato In(PO3)3 e o sistema binário (1-x)In(PO3)3 - xBaF2, com o objetivo de determinar o grau de polimerização da cadeia de fosfatos. Os estudos do 31P MAS RMN para diferentes tempos de fusão dos vidros fosfatos, permitiram verificar que presença da água reduz o comprimento da cadeia pela hidrólise das ligações P-O-P produzindo duas cadeias com grupos terminais -P-OH. A adição do BaF2 no vidro fosfato, reduz o comprimento da cadeia de fosfatos formando oxigênio não ponteante. Altas concentrações do BaF2 causa a depolimerização da cadeia de fosfatos formando grupos pirofosfatos (Q1) e grupos ortofosfatos (Q0).
Title in English
Nuclear magnetic resonance study of physical properties of new polymer electrolytes and phospate glasses
Keywords in English
Nuclear magnetic resonance
Phospate glasses
Polymer electrolytes
Abstract in English
In this work we report the study of new polymer electrolytes and phosphate glasses using Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) technique. The polymer electrolytes studied were polyester (glycol ethylene / citric acid) and films formed by hydroxyethylcelluloses (HEC), poly(ethy1ene oxide) and poly(propy1ene oxide) diisocyanates, both with lithium salt. To study the mobility of polymer chains and lithium ions in the polymer electrolytes, measurements of the temperature and viscosity dependence of 1H e do 7Li lineshape and spin-lattice relaxation rate were realized. The correlation times obtained from relaxation data, show that the mobility of polymer chains and lithium ions are comparable to those found in other similar polymer electrolytes. The degree of polymerization of the phosphate chain was studied in phosphate glass In(PO3)3 and in the binary system(1-x)In(PO3)3 - xBaF2. The 31P MAS NMR for different melting times, indicate that the water reduces the chain length by hydrolyzing P-O-P bonds to produce two separated chains, terminated by -P-OH groups. The addition of BaF2 in the phosphate glass, reduces the phosphate chain length by forming non-bridging oxygen ions. High concentration of BaF2 causes depolymerization of the phosphate chain to create pyrophosphate groups (Q1) and orthophosphate groups (Q0).
 
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Publishing Date
2010-09-08
 
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