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Master's Dissertation
Document
Author
Full name
Thalyta Tavares Martins
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Carlos, 2019
Supervisor
Committee
Muniz, Sérgio Ricardo (President)
Moreira, Fernando Manuel Araujo
Silva, René Alfonso Nome
Title in Portuguese
Aprisionamento óptico de micropartículas e desenvolvimento de potenciais ópticos dinâmicos
Keywords in Portuguese
Modulação acusto-óptica
Pinça óptica
Potenciais ópticos dinâmicos
Abstract in Portuguese
Desde o desenvolvimento dos primeiros métodos de controle do movimento e posição de partículas usando lasers, ainda no início da década de 1970, até o reconhecimento com o prêmio Nobel de Física de 2018, uma das principais e mais versáteis ferramentas de manipulação óptica, as chamadas pinças ópticas, têm sido usadas majoritariamente para explorar objetos em dois regimes de tamanho: o limite das partículas sub-nanométricas (átomos e moléculas simples) e o limite das partículas micrométricas (com aplicações especialmente em sistemas biológicos). Nesse trabalho, foi desenvolvido e construído um aparato experimental para aprisionar micro e nanopartículas numa pinça óptica, que pode ser controlada de forma dinâmica usando modulação acusto-óptica do feixe de aprisionamento. A calibração da pinça óptica foi feita por diversos métodos, incluindo o método de equipartição de energia e análise do potencial óptico, resultando em forças de aprisionamento da ordem de piconewtons por micrometros. Ademais, simulações computacionais de modelos estocásticos foram realizadas com o intuito de comparar os resultados experimentais com àqueles previstos teoricamente e guiar estudos futuros.
Title in English
Optical trapping of microparticles and development of dynamic optical potentials
Keywords in English
Acousto-optic modulation
Dynamic optical potentials
Optical tweezers
Abstract in English
Since the development of early methods for controlling the motion and position of particles using lasers, in the 1970s, to the recognition with the 2018 Nobel Prize for Physics, one of the most versatile optical manipulation tools, the so-called optical tweezers, have been used mostly to explore objects in two limits of sizes: the sub nanometric particles (atoms and simple molecules) and the micrometric particles (with applications especially in biological systems). In this work, an experimental apparatus was developed and built to trap micro and nanoparticles in an optical tweezer that can be dynamically controlled, using acoustic-optical modulation of the trapping beam. The calibration of the optical tweezer was done using several methods, including the energy equipartition method and optical potential analysis, resulting in trapping forces on the order of piconewtons per micrometers. In addition, computational simulations of stochastic models were performed with the purpose of comparing the experimental results with those predicted theoretically and guiding future studies.
 
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Publishing Date
2019-09-13
 
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