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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.76.2008.tde-28012009-090145
Document
Author
Full name
Karime Bittar Stevanatto
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Carlos, 2008
Supervisor
Committee
Andricopulo, Adriano Defini (President)
Pagani, Eduardo
Villar, Jose Daniel Figueroa
Title in Portuguese
Identificação de novos inibidores da migração celular em células de câncer de mama e próstata
Keywords in Portuguese
Anticâncer
Câncer
células
Inibidores
Planejamento de Fármacos
Química Medicinal
Testes in vitro
Abstract in Portuguese
Câncer é a proliferação descontrolada de células anormais do organismo. As células cancerosas podem se transferir para outras partes do corpo onde passam a crescer e substituir o tecido sadio, num processo conhecido como metástase. De um total de 58 milhões de mortes ocorridas no mundo em 2007, o câncer foi responsável por 7,6 milhões. O câncer de mama é o segundo tipo de câncer mais freqüente no mundo, sendo o mais comum entre as mulheres. A cada ano, cerca de 20% dos novos casos de câncer em mulheres são de mama. No que diz respeito a valores absolutos, o câncer de próstata é o sexto tipo de câncer mais comum no mundo e o mais prevalente em homens, representando cerca de 10% do total. As principais formas de tratamento são a cirurgia, quimioterapia, radioterapia, hormonioterapia, imunoterapia e as terapias-alvo. Os tratamentos quimioterápicos e radioterápicos, principalmente, possuem baixa seletividade em sua ação frente a células malignas e benignas. O presente trabalho de dissertação tem como objetivo o desenvolvimento de testes in vitro, como o wound healing e o de migração, empregando células de adenocarcinoma mamário humano (MDA-MB-231) e de câncer de próstata humano (DU-145), além da triagem biológica de compostos químicos visando à identificação de novos candidatos a inibidores do processo de migração celular (metástase). Os protocolos experimentais foram estabelecidos e padronizados com sucesso, fornecendo resultados reprodutíveis, confiáveis e validados. Após extensivas triagens biológicas, duas classes de candidatos a inibidores foram identificadas.
Title in English
Identification of a new inhibitors of cellular migration in breast and prostate tumor cell.
Keywords in English
Anticancer
Cancer
Cells
Drug Design
In vitro Assays
Inhibitors
Medicinal Chemistry
Abstract in English
Cancer is an abnormal proliferation of cells from an organ or tissue. The cancer cells may spread from one organ or part to another non-adjacent organ or part in a process called metastasis. In 2007, cancer was responsible for 7.6 million out of the 58 million deaths occurred in the World. Breast Cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in the World, and the most frequent in women. Each year, over 20% of the new cases of cancer in women are breast cancer. In absolute values, prostate cancer is the sixth type of cancer more common in the World and the most prevalent in the men, representing about 10% of the total. There are a number of different methods used to treat cancer, including surgery, radiation and chemotherapy. Chemotherapy and radiotherapy treatments show low effectiveness and selectivity towards malignant and benign cells. The objective of the present dissertation work is to develop in vitro assays, such as wound healing and cell migration employing MDA-MD-231 breast cancer cells and DU-145 prostate cancer cells, as well as perform biological screening of chemical compounds in order to identify selective inhibitors of tumor metastasis as novel lead candidates for further development. The experimental protocols have been successfully implemented providing reproducible and reliable results. After extensive biological investigations, two inhibitor candidate classes have been identified.
 
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karime_Me.pdf (13.12 Mbytes)
Publishing Date
2009-01-30
 
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