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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.76.2018.tde-29012018-102037
Document
Author
Full name
Karen Luisa Parra de Barros
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Carlos, 2017
Supervisor
Committee
Mastelaro, Valmor Roberto (President)
Avansi Junior, Waldir
Oliveira, Caue Ribeiro de
Title in Portuguese
Efeito da adição de dopantes e da rota de síntese nas propriedades do composto CaTiO3
Keywords in Portuguese
CaTiO3
Dopantes
Morfologia
Síntese hidrotérmica e solvotérmica
Abstract in Portuguese
A busca pelo aprimoramento de materiais nanocristalinos baseia-se na variação do processo de síntese e na alteração de sua estrutura através da inserção de defeitos na estrutura cristalina. O processo de dopagem tem sido considerado de fundamental importância para estabilizar determinadas fases ou faces cristalinas. Por outro lado, o uso de uma metodologia de síntese versátil como a síntese hidrotérmica e solvotérmica mostra-se como uma proposta interessante para obter materiais já produzidos por técnicas convencionais, mas que apresentam propriedades diferenciadas. Nesse trabalho, verificou-se o efeito do método de síntese utilizado e da adição de íons dopantes como Mg+2 e Ni+2 nas propriedades morfológicas e estruturais do composto titanato de cálcio (CaTiO3) que foi preparado através dos métodos hidrotérmico e solvotérmico. Através das técnicas de difração de raios X e microscopia eletrônica de varredura, foi verificado o efeito dos parâmetros de síntese (tempo e temperatura) e dos materiais precursores nas propriedades estruturais e microestruturais das amostras. Na avaliação de fotoatividade realizada (fotodegradação do corante rodamina B) foi observado que os compostos sintetizados pelo método hidrotérmico com os precursores oxisulfato de titânio e cloreto de cálcio apresentaram melhor atividade fotocatalítica que os compostos sintetizados pelo método solvotérmico (solvente PEG-200).
Title in English
Effect of dopant addition and synthesis route on the properties of the CaTiO3 compound
Keywords in English
CaTiO3
Dopants
Hydrothermal and solvothermal synthesis
Morphology
Abstract in English
The search for the improvement of nanocrystalline materials is based on the variation of the synthesis process and the modification of its structure through the insertion of defects in its crystalline structure. The doping process has been considered of fundamental importance to stabilize certain crystalline phases or faces of nanomaterials. On the other hand, the use of a versatile synthesis methodology such as hydrothermal and solvothermal methods is an interesting proposal to obtain materials already produced by conventional techniques, but with different properties. In this work, the effect of the synthesis method and the addition of dopant ions such as Mg+2 and Ni+2 on the morphological and structural properties of the calcium titanate (CaTiO3) compound was verified, which was prepared by hydrothermal and solvothermal methods. The effect of the synthesis parameters (time and temperature) and the precursor materials on the structural and microstructural properties of the samples were verified by means of the X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy techniques. It was observed that the compounds synthesized by the hydrothermal method with the titanium oxysulfate and calcium chloride precursors presented better photocatalytic activity than the compounds synthesized by the solvothermal method (solvent PEG-200).
 
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Publishing Date
2018-01-31
 
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