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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.8.2009.tde-22042009-142749
Document
Author
Full name
Miguel Nicacio Oliveira Souza
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2009
Supervisor
Committee
Ricupero, Bernardo (President)
Ferreira, Gabriela Nunes
Schwarcz, Lilia Katri Moritz
Title in Portuguese
O discurso político do Estado Novo
Keywords in Portuguese
Classes trabalhadoras
Discurso político
Estado Novo
Populismo
Abstract in Portuguese
Este trabalho tem como objetivo pesquisar o discurso político produzido pelo Estado Novo, sobretudo pelo seu órgão publicitário mais importante: o Departamento de Imprensa e Propaganda DIP. Ligado a isso, realiza-se também uma discussão conceitual sobre o papel das classes trabalhadores neste momento e seu relacionamento com o Estado, mostrando como elas inicialmente apareceram na literatura como agentes passivos ou massa, passando posteriormente a serem vistas como atores conscientes de suas ações. O trabalho realiza igualmente uma análise do discurso estadonovista, no qual se percebe como as imagens correntes do regime e a relação do Estado com a sociedade, foram elaboradas e debatidas por intelectuais ligados diretamente ao governo, numa revista oficial, a Cultura Política. Por fim, examina-se como esse discurso se tornava mais palatável, quando o Estado se dirigia diretamente às classes trabalhadoras, como nas festas de Primeiro de Maio.
Title in English
The political discourse of the Estado Novo
Keywords in English
Estado Novo
Political discourse
Populism
Working classes
Abstract in English
The aim of this work is to analyze the political discourse produced by the Brazilian Government during the period known as Estado Novo. In particular, the role of DIP (the Department of Press and Propaganda) is investigated in the formulation of this discourse. The dissertation also brings a conceptual discussion about the role of the working classes in this period and their relationship with the State. In sum, the working classes were initially presented in most works as passive agents or masses, but later passed to be considered as conscious actors. Moreover this work analyses the Estado Novo discourse, noting how the images of the regime at the period as well as the manner with which the State related to society were elaborated and debated by intellectuals directly connected to the Government in an official magazine, Cultura Política. Finally the dissertation points out that the political discourse became more appealing in moments such as the May First Celebrations when the State addressed directly to the working classes.
 
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Publishing Date
2009-04-22
 
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