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Master's Dissertation
DOI
Document
Author
Full name
Cássio Santos Pinto de Oliveira
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2019
Supervisor
Committee
Arantes, Rogério Bastos (President)
Arguelhes, Diego Werneck
Oliveira, Fabiana Luci de
Title in Portuguese
Entre poderes e políticas: o STF no presidencialismo e sua jurisdição
Keywords in Portuguese
Ação direta de inconstitucionalidade
ADI
Convergência
Indicação de ministros
Jurisdição constitucional
Políticas
Processo decisório
Supremo Tribunal Federal
Abstract in Portuguese
Como o Supremo Tribunal Federal se insere na dinâmica da relação entre Poderes no presidencialismo de coalizão? O presente trabalho busca dar aporte teórico, metodológico e empírico para avançar no enfrentamento dessa questão. No plano teórico, utilizo pressupostos da literatura de judicial politics para mostrar que é justamente a independência judicial que favoreceria uma atuação com preferências por políticas por parte da Corte, e que essa atuação pode ser conceitualizada por conexões que chamamos relações de convergência entre Poderes. No plano metodológico, desenvolvo um arcabouço para analisar essas relações empiricamente, no qual as normas julgadas pelo STF em jurisdição constitucional abstrata por meio de ações diretas de inconstitucionalidade (ADIs) adquirem papel central. Tais normas representam políticas que, propostas e aprovadas pelo Executivo e Legislativo, são julgadas pelo STF, o conectando a esses atores políticos. No plano empírico, utilizo recorte preliminar de leis e atos normativos federais com julgamento majoritário de mérito durante governos de um mesmo partido para oferecer exemplo de como a abordagem desenvolvida pode ser utilizada para relacionar preferências de atores políticos e coalizões à atuação do STF. Dessa forma, busco avançar na compreensão do processo decisório no STF, bem como ajudar a preencher lacunas entre o estudo do Tribunal e dos demais Poderes no presidencialismo de coalizão brasileiro.
Title in English
Between Powers and Policies: Brazilian Supreme Court in Jurisdiction Presidentialism
Keywords in English
Brazil
Constitutional
Policy-making
Supreme Court
Supremo Tribunal Federal
Abstract in English
How do Courts operate among the Separation of Power dynamics of coalitional presidentialism? This work offers theoretical, methodological and empirical framework contributions to advance in tackling this question. Theoretically, I review assumptions of the judicial politics literature to show that it is precisely the presence of judicial independence that favors decision making that regards policy preferences on Courts, and that such decision making can be framed by what I call convergence relationships between Powers. Methodologically, I develop an analytical framework to examine those relationships operationalized in the empirical realm, in which legal provisions judged by Contitutional Courts in abstract constitutional jurisdiction acquire a central role. These provisions represent policies that, being proposed and approved by the Executive and the Legislative, have their constitutionality reviewed by the Courts, connecting them to these political actors. Empirically, I analyze provisions judged within decisions of the Brazilian Supreme Court Supremo Tribunal Federal (STF) during same-party governments to show how our approach can be utilized to link preferences of political actors and coalitions to Court rulings. Also, being STF not only a Constitutional Court, but the last Court for appeal in Brazilian Judiciary, my design further bridges the gap between the study of how Powers can interact in coalitional presidentialisms and other political systems.
 
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Publishing Date
2019-07-24
 
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