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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.8.2011.tde-26092011-122113
Document
Author
Full name
Christian Jecov Schallenmüeller
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2011
Supervisor
Committee
Ricupero, Bernardo (President)
Bastos, Élide Rugai
Reis, Rossana Rocha
Title in Portuguese
Tradição e Profecia: o pensamento político da Conferência Nacional dos Bispos do Brasil (CNBB) e seu contexto social e intelectual (1952-1964)
Keywords in Portuguese
CNBB
Desenvolvimentismo
Igreja Católica
Reforma agrária
Abstract in Portuguese
Este texto apresenta dois planos de análise. No primeiro, a idéia será desenvolver uma hipótese segundo a qual a relação entre a Igreja Católica e o Estado brasileiro nunca havia sido tão proveitosa para a influência do catolicismo no país como entre os anos 1930 e o início da década de 1960, mesmo se comparando com os privilégios católicos à época em que a Igreja se associava ao Império pelo regime do padroado. Esta hipótese visa a desafiar o entendimento usual na literatura sobre o tema, de que a criação da CNBB, em 1952, seria fruto da necessidade da Igreja de se adaptar à sua separação do poder civil. Por isso, ao invés de privilegiar a determinação do contexto político e social sobre a organização institucional do episcopado, uma nova explicação deverá se voltar para as articulações de um grupo de bispos que se constituía como a liderança católica em nível nacional e que visava a requalificar a atuação da Igreja perante o Estado e a sociedade brasileiros. No segundo plano de análise, ao qual será dada uma ênfase maior, a proposta será investigar como esta nova elite viu na colaboração com o Estado desenvolvimentista dos anos 1950 e da primeira metade dos 1960 uma oportunidade de a hierarquia católica brasileira ajudar a definir os destinos da política nacional, o que implicaria, inclusive, um destaque ainda maior da Igreja no cenário sócio-político do país.
Title in English
Tradition and prophecy the political thought of the conferência nacional dos bispos do Brasil (CNBB) an its social and intellectual context
Keywords in English
Catholic Church
CNBB
Developmentism
Land reform
Abstract in English
This text has two analytical levels. On the first level, the author develops a hypothesis according to which the relation between the Catholic Church and the Brazilian Federal State has never been so profitable for the influence of Catholicism in this country as between the 1930s and the early 1960s, even in comparison with catholic prerogatives during the time when the Church was linked to the Brazilian Empire through the Padroado regime. This hypothesis aims at challenging the usual understanding found in the literature concerning this subject, which is that the foundation of the National Conference of Brazilian Bishops (CNBB), in 1952, was the result of the Churchs necessity to adapt itself to its separation from civil power. Hence, instead of emphasizing the influence of the political and social context on the episcopates institutional organization, a new explanation will consider the formation of a new clerical group that took the national catholic leadership and tried to redefine the Churchs actions towards the Federal State and the Brazilian society. On the second and more important analytical level, the author examines how this new clerical elite found a way to help defining the national political agenda by collaborating with the Brazilian developmental State of the 1950s and the early 1960s. This also brought further prominence to the Catholic Church in the countrys political scene.
 
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Publishing Date
2011-09-26
 
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