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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.8.2012.tde-28062012-164532
Document
Author
Full name
Samuel Moura Santos
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2012
Supervisor
Committee
Limongi, Fernando de Magalhaes Papaterra (President)
Avelino Filho, George
Ricci, Paolo
Title in Portuguese
Maiorias, minorias e oposição: participação legislativa no presidencialismo e coalizão brasileiro
Keywords in Portuguese
coalizões
consensualismo
consociativismo
minoria legislativa
oposição
participação
relações entre Executivo e Legislativo
Abstract in Portuguese
Esta dissertação pretende discutir como se dá, em termos propositivos, a participação daqueles atores que se situam fora da coalizão ministerial de governo. Tendo por objeto a produção das leis, propõem-se observar como se resolvem institucionalmente os conflitos. Tomando por base que Presidentes buscam formar coalizões que contam com a maioria das cadeiras do parlamento - medida suficiente, em teoria, para aprovar sua agenda de governo - pretende-se questionar em que grau se dá a participação da minoria e daqueles atores que não fazem parte da coalizão de governo. Para tanto, faremos um contraponto com os governos minoritários, comparando as chances de participação efetiva dos dois blocos, em termos proporcionais, ou seja, em relação ao número de cadeiras que ocupam. O trabalho mostra como a participação dos atores que se situam fora da coalizão de governo pode indicar a existência de um consenso legislativo que extrapola os limites dos partidos que compõem o governo, independente deste compor coalizões majoritárias ou não - se estendendo até mesmo aos partidos tidos como de oposição. Ao final do trabalho, mostrarei como esses partidos, normalmente tidos como de oposição, também participam do processo de formulação das políticas. Pretende-se aqui suprir a lacuna deixada pela literatura especializada que, ao voltar seu foco de preocupação para a governabilidade do sistema presidencialista deixa a descoberto a participação positiva daqueles atores que não compõem a coalizão de governo.
Title in English
Majorities, minorities and opposition: legislative participation in the Brazilian coalitional presidentialism
Keywords in English
coalitions
consociativism
Executive and Legislative relations
legislative minority
opposition
participation
Abstract in English
This dissertation intends to discuss, in propositional terms, the participation of those actors who are outside the ministerial coalition of the Brazilian government. With the focus on the production of laws, we propose to observe how institutional conflicts are solved. Considering that Presidents seek to form coalitions as a way to have a majority of seats in Parliament a sufficient measure, in theory, to approve the governmental agenda - we question to what extent the minority and those actors that are outside of the government coalition are able to participate in this process. To this end, we contrast majority and minority governments, comparing the chances of effective participation of the two blocks, in proportional terms, which means taking into account the number of seats occupied by each side. The work shows how the participation of those actors who are outside the governmental coalition can indicate the existence of a legislative consensus that is bigger than the sum of the political parties that are members of the government coalition, regardless of the fact that this is a majority coalition or not extending itself to parties that are regarded as opposition. At the end of the work, we show how the parties usually taken as the opposition are also able to participate in the formulation of policies. The intention here is to fill a gap left by the literature that, focusing on the success of presidential system of governance does not take into account the positive participation of those actors positioned outside the government coalition.
 
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Publishing Date
2012-06-28
 
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