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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.8.2014.tde-02102014-182644
Document
Author
Full name
Murillo Marschner Alves de Brito
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2014
Supervisor
Committee
Guimaraes, Nadya Araujo (President)
Comin, Alvaro Augusto
Fernandes, Danielle Cireno
Guimaraes, Antonio Sergio Alfredo
Ribeiro Filho, Carlos Antonio Costa
Title in Portuguese
A dependência na origem. Desigualdades no sistema educacional brasileiro e a estruturação social das oportunidades
Keywords in Portuguese
Acesso à educação
Desiguadade educacional
Educação
Abstract in Portuguese
A tese tem por objetivo investigar padrões de associação entre origens sociais e destinos educacionais no Brasil. Conceitualmente a análise baseia-se na agenda de pesquisa em modelos de progressão educacional, e na agenda comparativa internacional que dela deriva. Apresentamos uma revisão da literatura nacional e internacional sobre modelos de progressão educacional e, a partir dos microdados do Censo Demográfico entre 1960 e 2010, descrevemos a evolução da distribuição de oportunidades educacionais e da associação entre origens sociais e destinos educacionais entre os jovens ao longo do processo de modernização da sociedade brasileira. Os achados evidenciam desigualdades persistentes no nível médio e crescentes na entrada do ensino superior. A partir destes achados aprofundamos o olhar sobre essas transições em períodos recentes utilizando a PNAD, de modo reunir evidências sobre a associação entre progressão educacional, participação no mercado de trabalho e expansão do sistema de ensino superior. Ao fim, partindo de um estudo de caso, buscamos investigar o impacto de reformas educacionais recentes sobre a acessibilidade ao ensino superior público no Brasil, e evidenciar padrões de desigualdades de oportunidades educacionais entre carreiras no ensino superior
Title in English
The dependence at the origin: inequalities in the Brazilian Educational System and the Social Structuration of Opportunities
Keywords in English
Access to education
Education
Educational inequality
Abstract in English
This thesis aims at examining patterns of association between social origins and educational destinations in Brazil. In conceptual terms, the analysis is based on the educational transitions models literature, and its international comparative research agenda. Firstly, we review the national and international debate on this field. Secondly, we identify the main trends in the distribution of educational opportunities in Brazil between 1960 and 2010, based upon a rigorous analysis of six census datasets, in order to measure the association between social origins and educational destinations amongst youngsters during the modernization process of the Brazilian society. The findings show persistent inequalities on secondary level and increasing inequalities at university level. Thirdly, we take a closer look at those transitions based on household survey datasets (PNADs), bringing evidence on the associations between educational progression, participation in the labor market and the expansion of higher education system. Finally, based on a case-study, we try to explore the impact of recent reforms on the accessibility to public tertiary education, as well as identify patterns of stratification between fields of study
 
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Publishing Date
2014-10-07
 
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