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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.8.2017.tde-07082017-163636
Document
Author
Full name
Ailton Teodoro de Souza Pereira
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2016
Supervisor
Committee
Hirano, Sedi (President)
Lovatto, Angélica
Ridenti, Marcelo Siqueira
Title in Portuguese
As metamorfoses do marxismo no Brasil
Keywords in Portuguese
Antropofagia
Caio Prado
Comunismo
Marxismo Acadêmico
Universidade
Abstract in Portuguese
Neste estudo discutimos as principais metamorfoses do marxismo brasileiro tomando como base três momentos diferentes, enquadrados em três intervalos de tempo. A saber, o de recepção (1917-1930), fomentado principalmente pela intelectualidade ligada ao recém-fundado Comitê Central do Partido Comunista do Brasil; o de tradução (1930-1945) que teve na obra do historiador Caio Prado Júnior seu momento mais decisivo; e o de domesticação (1955-1970), período no qual o marxismo 1) ganha foro privilegiado nos espaços acadêmicos da Universidade de São Paulo 2) se rotiniza no campo intelectual e 3) se torna hegemônico na esquerda brasileira a partir da interpretação que lhe conferira a academia uspiana. Ao acompanhar este processo foi possível detectar passo a passo a decadência ideológica do marxismo brasileiro, transformado em discurso, esterilizado de todo o seu conteúdo emancipatório original.
Title in English
Marxisms metamorphosis in Brazil
Keywords in English
Academic Marxism
Anthropophagy
Caio Prado
Communism
University
Abstract in English
In this study we discuss the main transformation on the Brazilian In this study we discuss the main transformations on the Brazilian Marxism, taking as reference three different moments, in three different time frames: first, the introduction period (1917-1930), mainly fed by the intelectuals associated to the Central Commitee of the recent criated Brazilian Comunist Party, PCB; second, the translation period (1930-1945), whose main intellectual exponent was the historian Caio Prado Junior and his works. And finally, the third moment called routinization (1955-1970) when Marxism receives great importance in the academic environment in the University of Sao Paulo (USP), going into mainstream intelectual circles and becoming the hegemonic way of thinking among the Brazilian left after USP's interpretations. By analyzing this evolution process, it was possible to follow step by step the "ideological decay" of Brazilian Marxism, transformed into a mere discourse, stripped of all its original emancipatory content.
 
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Publishing Date
2017-08-07
 
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