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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.8.2018.tde-02022018-114751
Document
Author
Full name
Alexandre Amaral Rodrigues
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2017
Supervisor
Committee
Souza, Maria das Graças de (President)
Coutinho, Mauricio Chalfin
Cruz, Fernão de Oliveira Salles dos Santos
Limongi, Maria Isabel de Magalhães Papaterra
Pimenta, Pedro Paulo Garrido
Title in Portuguese
Ambição e prudência: os sistemas econômicos de Adam Smith
Keywords in Portuguese
Capital
Economia política
Ética
Felicidade
Filosofia política
Abstract in Portuguese
A tese procura sustentar que Adam Smith atenua seu posicionamento crítico com relação à busca por acumulação de riquezas nas sociedades comerciais entre a Teoria dos Sentimentos Morais e A Riqueza das Nações. Tal mudança se associa a um novo personagem das relações econômicas que surge na última dessas obras: o acumulador de capital. A diferença entre a busca pela fortuna e a acumulação de capital, segundo defendemos, se associa a uma diferença conceitual entre riqueza e capital, diferença essa que se deveria, conforme nossa concepção, à influência do pensamento fisiocrático, e particularmente do Quadro Econômico de Quesnay, sobre a ideia smithiana de progresso da opulência, e mesmo, talvez, sobre sua visão geral da sociedade. Sustentamos, finalmente e esse é nosso ponto principal , que Adam Smith procurou conciliar tal mudança com o que havia escrito em sua primeira obra. Essa tentativa se patenteia por aspectos sutis, porém relevantes, das modificações que o filósofo introduziu no texto da Teoria dos Sentimentos Morais em sua última revisão, de 1790.
Title in English
Ambition and prudence: os sistemas econômicos de Adam Smith
Keywords in English
Capital
Ethics
Happiness
Political economy
Political philosophy
Abstract in English
The thesis sustains that Adam Smith attenuates his critical position with regard to the search for wealth accumulation in commercial societies between the Theory of Moral Sentiments and The Wealth of Nations. Such a change is associated with a new "character" of economic relations that emerges in the last of these works: the accumulator of capital. The difference between the search for fortune and the accumulation of capital, we argue, is associated with a conceptual difference between wealth and capital, which is owed, according to our conception, to the physiocrat's influence over the Smithian idea of "progress of opulence," and perhaps even over his general view of society. Finally, we argue - and this is our main point - that Adam Smith sought to reconcile this change with what he had written in his first work. This attempt was evidenced by subtle but relevant aspects of the modifications that the philosopher introduced in the text of the Theory of Moral Sentiments in his last revision of 1790.
 
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Publishing Date
2018-02-02
 
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