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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.8.2010.tde-16092010-091837
Document
Author
Full name
Wilson Alves Sparvoli
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2010
Supervisor
Committee
Oliva, Luís César Guimarães (President)
Marques, Edgar da Rocha
Silva, Franklin Leopoldo e
Title in Portuguese
A questão das substâncias corporais em Leibniz
Keywords in Portuguese
Descartes
Leibniz
Substância e Corpo
Abstract in Portuguese
Nosso objetivo principal foi esclarecer o papel e o estatuto ontológico dos corpos dos seres vivos no leibnizianismo. Para tanto, partimos da ontologia cartesiana que transforma os corpos em substâncias cuja essência é a extensão entendida geometricamente. Depois disso, analisamos as críticas que Leibniz fez a esta ontologia, bem como a nova ontologia de forças e mônadas que usa para superar todas as limitações e erros do cartesianismo. Enfim, terminamos considerando que, devido a todas as críticas realizadas contra a extensão cartesiana, não existe, como sustentam alguns comentadores, uma noção de substância corporal que reabilite a materialidade ou a extensão; na verdade, a substância corporal leibniziana tem que ser entendida segundo uma ontologia idealista. Nesse percurso, também pudemos constatar alguns dos desdobramentos científicos que a nova ontologia leibniziana acarretava, como, por exemplo, o surgimento de uma física dinâmica e a tese da pré-formação dos seres vivos no âmbito da fisiologia.
Title in English
Question of substances bodies in Leibniz
Keywords in English
Descartes
Leibniz
Substance and Body
Abstract in English
Our main goal was to elucidate the role and ontological status of bodies of living beings in Leibnizianism. To do this, we start from Cartesian ontology which transforms bodies in substances whose essence is the extension comprehended geometrically. Then, we analyze the critics made by Leibniz to this ontology as well as the new ontology of forces and monads that he uses to surpass all the limitations and errors of Cartesianism. Ultimately, we finish with the consideration that, due to all critics made against the Cartesian extension, there is no, as some commentators sustains, notion of corporeal substance which rehabilitates the materiality or extension; actually, the leibnizian corporeal substance has to be understood according to an idealistic ontology. Along the way, we could also perceive some of the scientific developments which the new Leibnizian ontology brought about, as, for example, the appearing of a dynamic physics and the thesis of pre-formation of living beings in the field of physiology.
 
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Publishing Date
2010-09-16
 
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