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Master's Dissertation
Document
Author
Full name
Victor Fiori Augusto
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2019
Supervisor
Committee
Oliva, Luís César Guimarães (President)
Barros, Douglas Ferreira
Oliveira, Fernando Bonadia de
Santiago, Homero Silveira
Title in Portuguese
Para além dos preconceitos: as implicações da negação do livre-arbítrio na filosofia política de Espinosa
Keywords in Portuguese
Direito natural
Direito penal
Espinosa
Livre-arbítrio
Política
Abstract in Portuguese
O objetivo deste trabalho é investigar as implicações políticas da negação do livre-arbítrio da vontade na filosofia de Bento de Espinosa. Trata-se de compreender como é possível pensar a vida em sociedade sem recorrer à livre vontade humana para punir os atos contrários aos direitos comuns. Se o ser humano possui livre-arbítrio para fazer ou deixar de fazer algo, isto é, se a vontade é causa total das ações humanas, é compreensível que as pessoas sejam punidas por suas ações que são prejudiciais à liberdade comum, já que poderiam perfeitamente ter escolhido agir de outra forma. Contudo, em uma filosofia como a espinosana, para a qual a liberdade da vontade não passa de um preconceito e para a qual tudo ocorre necessária e não contingentemente, é preciso indagar qual a melhor maneira de lidar com as injustiças que causam danos aos cidadãos.
Title in English
Beyond prejudices: implications of the denial of the free will in Spinozas political philosophy
Keywords in English
Criminal law
Free will
Natural right
Politics
Spinoza
Abstract in English
The aim of this research is to investigate the political implications of the denial of the free will in Spinozas philosophy. Our goal is to understand how is it possible to think about social life without having to resort to human free will to punish the acts that are contrary to the common rights. If human beings have the free will to do or to avoid doing something, that is, if the will is the total cause of human actions, it is comprehensible that a person is punished for acting against the common freedom, because the person could have chosen otherwise. However, in a philosophy like that of Spinoza, in which the freedom of the will is just a prejudice and everything happens necessarily, not contingently, we must inquire what is the best way to deal with the injustices that do harm to the citizens.
 
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Publishing Date
2019-09-17
 
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