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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.8.2008.tde-27112009-112139
Document
Author
Full name
Elaine Camunha
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2008
Supervisor
Committee
Kuntz, Rolf Nelson (President)
Maruyama, Natália
Nascimento, Milton Meira do
Title in Portuguese
A função da religião civil e sua relevância na teoria política do 'Contrato Social' de Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Keywords in Portuguese
Filosofia política
Liberdade
Poder
Religião
Rousseau
Abstract in Portuguese
O objetivo deste trabalho é mostrar, como indica o título, a função da religião civil e sua relevância na teoria política do Contrato Social de Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Para dar conta de nossa proposta, reconstruímos o cenário teórico do Contrato, apontamos o lugar que a religião aí ocupa e mostramos que ela é peça essencial para a realização dos objetivos de uma sociedade bem constituída, segundo os padrões rousseaunianos. Historicamente, segundo Rousseau, a religião sempre foi uma peça importante da política e um componente fundamental daquelas sociedades caracterizadas pela estreita coesão dos cidadãos e pelo vigor do espírito público. A manutenção do Estado ideal que Rousseau constrói depende da existência de uma religião, mas esta deve ser puramente civil. Seus dogmas devem ser simples e destinados a fomentar as virtudes necessárias à cidadania, isto é, à concretização de uma liberdade fundada na supremacia da vontade geral e na irrestrita dedicação à pátria.
Title in English
The function of civil religion, as well as its relevance, in the political theory of Jean-Jacques Rousseau's Social Contract
Keywords in English
Freedom
Political Philosophy
Power
Religion
Rousseau
Abstract in English
This work aims, as we can tell by its title, at showing the function of civil religion, as well as its relevance, in the political theory of Jean-Jacques Rousseau's Social Contract. To fulfill our purpose, we reconstruct the theoretical scenery of the Contract, with the objective of pointing out the place which is there attributed to religion, as well as showing it is essential for the fulfillment of the objectives of a well built society, according to Rousseaunian standards. Historically, according to Rousseau, religion has always been an important part of politics, and a fundamental component of the societies marked by a strict cohesion of the citizens and by the vigor of the public spirit. The maintenance of the ideal State built by Rousseau depends on the existence of a religion, but this must be purely civil. Its dogmas must be simple and meant to foment the virtues which are necessary to citizenship, i. e., the concretizing of a freedom which is founded in the supremacy of the general will and in the unbounded dedication to one's country.
 
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ELAINE_CAMUNHA.pdf (612.96 Kbytes)
Publishing Date
2011-02-18
 
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