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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.8.2015.tde-31072015-161505
Document
Author
Full name
Verone Cristina da Silva
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2015
Supervisor
Committee
Amoroso, Marta Rosa (President)
Figueiredo, Marina Vanzolini
Gallois, Dominique Tilkin
Pacini, Aloir
Silva, Joana Aparecida Fernandes
Title in Portuguese
Carnaval: alegria dos imortais. Ritual, pessoa e cosmologia entre os Chiquitano no Brasil
Keywords in Portuguese
Carnaval
Chiquitano
Compadrio
Cosmologia
Mato Grosso
Pessoa
Ritual
Abstract in Portuguese
O objetivo desta tese é compreender, por meio de um exame etnográfico, o lugar que o ritual carnaval ocupa na vida sociocosmológica do povo indígena Chiquitano que vive na fronteira do Brasil com a Bolívia. Carnaval é o nome da festa e da entidade sobrenatural que desperta acionada pelo som dos instrumentos musicais, do local onde foi enterrado, a fim de pôr em relação seres humanos e não humanos por meio da Alegria. A festa é realizada na mesma data do carnaval ocidental, contudo há um calendário ritual próprio que marca o fim e o início do ciclo anual. Os mitos chiquitano narram que o dilúvio de Água teria ocorrido no terceiro dia do carnaval, por acreditarem que o mundo é periodicamente destruído, mas se forma novamente e, com ele, homens e mulheres se fabricam a partir da transformação do planeta. A festa reúne famílias da aldeia e parentes de localidades vizinhas para dançar, beber chicha, fazer o viva, comer junto e brincar. Através do carnaval, os Chiquitano explicam seus mitos, domesticam os seres patogênicos que provocam doenças nas famílias, transformam as relações entre os humanos para a produção política de uma nova ordem social chiquitano pautada nas regras de respeito e evitação.
Title in English
Carnival: joy of the immortals. Ritual, person and cosmology among the Chiquitano in Brazil
Keywords in English
Carnival
Chiquitano
Compadrio
Cosmology
Mato Grosso
Person
Ritual
Abstract in English
This thesis aims at understanding, through an ethnographic examination, the place that the Carnival ritual holds in the sociocosmological life of the Chiquitano indigenous people who live on the border of Brazil and Bolivia. Carnival is the name of the festival and the supernatural entity which is awoken by the sound of musical instruments of the place where it was buried, in order to bring humans and non-humans relation through Happiness. This festival is held in the same date of the Western Carnival; however they have their own ritual calendar which establishes the end and the beginning of the annual cycle. The chiquitano myths narrate that the Deluge would have occurred on the third Day of the Carnival because they believed that the world is periodically destroyed, but it is formed again and, with it, men and women are created from the transformation of the planet. The event brings together families from the village and relatives from the neighboring communities to dance, drink chicha, celebrate Life, eat together and play. Through Carnival, the Chiquitano explain their myths, domesticate the pathogenic beings which provoke diseases in families, change the relationships between humans for the political production of a new chiquitano social order based on the rules of respect and avoidance.
 
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Publishing Date
2015-07-31
 
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