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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.8.2018.tde-10072018-182409
Document
Author
Full name
Mayka Danielle Brito Amaral
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2018
Supervisor
Committee
Bombardi, Larissa Mies (President)
Garcia, Maria Franco
Marin, Rosa Elizabeth Acevedo
Marques, Marta Inez Medeiros
Oliveira, Ariovaldo Umbelino de
Title in Portuguese
Reforma agrária e reconhecimento: o caminho da autonomia e liberdade das camponesas-quebradeiras de coco babaçu da região do Bico do Papagaio
Keywords in Portuguese
Babaçu livre
Camponesas-quebradeiras
Conflito
Reforma agrária
Sujeição e resistência
Abstract in Portuguese
A discussão deste trabalho versa sobre o processo de reprodução, territorialização e luta das camponesas-quebradeiras de coco babaçu, em algumas áreas da região do Bico do Papagaio, quais sejam: do povoado Petrolina (Imperatriz-MA), da Reserva Extrativista do Ciriaco (Cidelândia-MA), do povoado Juverlândia (Sítio Novo do Tocantins- TO) e da propriedade familiar Olho dÁgua (São Miguel do Tocantins-TO). A análise foi realizada a partir dos dados obtidos na pesquisa de campo, documental e bibliográfica. A pesquisa revelou que a gênese da conscientização política das camponesas-quebradeiras encontra-se no contexto da luta pela terra. Diante da apropriação privada, e o seu cercamento, o coco babaçu foi aprisionado, provocando a reação das famílias e a, consequente, luta pelo livre acesso aos babaçuais. Como uma fração do campesinato brasileiro, as famílias lutaram e continuam lutando pela terra e pelo babaçu, como uma forma de garantir a reprodução social, resistindo à destruição do seu modo de vida camponês. A luta empreendida pelas camponesas-quebradeiras ocorre em duas frentes, contra as situações de sujeição perpetrada pelo capital e as práticas de silenciamento, violência e exclusão dos homens, no âmbito da unidade familiar e da sociedade mais ampla. A pesquisa pôs em relevo a importância da reforma agrária e do reconhecimento como o caminho para autonomia e liberdade das camponesas-quebradeiras de coco.
Title in English
Land reform and recognition: the path to autonomy and freedom of the women peasants who work as babaçu nuts shell breakers
Keywords in English
Agrarian reform
Conflict
Free babaçu
Peasants
Subjectivity and resistance
Abstract in English
The discussion of this paper tells about the processo of reproduction, territorialization and struggle of the women peasants who work as babaçu nuts shell breakers, in some áreas of the Bico do Papagaio region, which are: the village of Petrolina (Imperatriz-MA), Extrativist Reserve of Ciriaco (Cidelândia-MA) the Village of Juverlândia (Sítio Novo do Tocantins- TO) and the private property Olho dÁgua (São Miguel do Tocantins-TO). These analyses were performed from the data obteined the field research, documental and biography. The research revealed that the genesis of the genesis of political intercourse of the women peasant babaçu nuts shell breakers lies in the contexto of the struggle for land ownership. Before the private appropriation, and its "enclosure", the babaçu coconut was imprisoned, provoking the reaction of families and the consequent struggle for free access to babaçu. As a fraction of the Brazilian peasantry, families have fought and continue to fight for land and babaçu as a way to guarantee social reproduction, resisting the destruction of their peasant way of life. The struggle undertaken by the peasants-breakers occurs on two fronts, against situations of subjection perpetrated by capital and the practices of silencing, violence and exclusion of men within the framework of the family unit and the wider society. The research highlighted the importance of agrarian reform and recognition as the path to autonomy and freedom for peasant babaçu nut shell breakers farmers. The struggle undertaken by the peasants-breakers occurs on two fronts, against situations of subjection perpetrated by capital and the practices of silencing, violence and exclusion of men within the framework of the family unit and the wider society. The research highlighted the importance of agrarian reform and recognition as the path to autonomy and freedom for peasant babaçu nut shell breakers coconut farmers.
 
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Publishing Date
2018-07-10
 
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