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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.8.2015.tde-03122015-144226
Document
Author
Full name
Vera Aguiar Cotrim
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2015
Supervisor
Committee
Grespan, Jorge Luis da Silva (President)
Alves, Antônio José Lopes
Fortes, Ronaldo Vielmi
Prado, Eleuterio Fernando da Silva
Souza, Mário Duayer de
Title in Portuguese
Trabalho, conhecimento, valor: Marx frente a uma contradição atual
Keywords in Portuguese
Forças produtivas
Karl Marx
Teoria do valor
Trabalho abstrato
Trabalho intelectual
Abstract in Portuguese
Esta pesquisa busca examinar as categorias centrais do pensamento de Marx tendo em vista uma questão atual: a expansão da atividade intelectual como forma do trabalho subsumido ao capital. Em contraposição às teorias que veem esta transformação como fator que altera a teoria do valor e torna a compreensão marxiana do capital obsoleta, examino nos textos de Marx a relação geral entre trabalho e conhecimento, pautada em sua compreensão do indivíduo e da sociabilidade. Busco então conectar essas categorias fundantes com a história, distinguindo a dialética do desenvolvimento nas sociedades pré-capitalista e no modo de produção do capital. No interior deste último, destaco dois temas centrais, a categoria de trabalho abstrato como forma social específica do trabalho, e a relação contraditória entre o desenvolvimento das forças produtivas com a forma social do capital. É este desenvolvimento que transforma a relação entre trabalho e conhecimento, bem como a divisão entre trabalho material e trabalho intelectual nesta fase avançada do evolver do capital. A partir do exame deste tema, aponto por fim algumas das mudanças atuais que revelam o aprofundamento da contradição que permeia a reprodução capitalista. Na abordagem destes temas, discuto com autores que buscam explicar as vicissitudes atuais, bem como com comentadores da obra marxiana que privilegiam o ponto de vista lógico ao examinar seus textos.
Title in English
Labor, knowledge, value: Marx in face of a current contradiction
Keywords in English
Abstract labor
Intellectual work
Karl Marx
Productive forces
Theory of value
Abstract in English
This research seeks to examine the central categories of Marxs thought regarding a current issue: the expansion of intellectual activity as a form of labor subsumed to capital. In contrast to theories that see this transformation as a factor that changes the theory of value and makes the Marxian understanding of capital obsolete, this research examines the overall relationship between labor and knowledge in Marxs texts, based on his understanding of the individual and sociability. It aims then to connect these founding categories with history, distinguishing the dialectic of development in pre-capitalist societies and the capitalist mode of production. Inside the latter, two central themes are highlighted, the abstract labor category as a specific social form of work, and the contradictory relationship between the development of productive forces and capital-relation. It is this development that transforms the relationship between labor and knowledge, as well as the division between material and intellectual production, at this late stage of capital expansion. From the examination of this issue, it is pointed at last some of the current changes that reveal the depth of the contradiction that pervades capitalist reproduction. In addressing these issues, authors who seek to explain the current changes are discussed as well as interpretations of Marxs thought that favor the logical point of view.
 
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Publishing Date
2015-12-03
 
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