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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.8.2019.tde-20032019-122057
Document
Author
Full name
Oziane de Jesus de Lima Mota
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2018
Supervisor
Committee
Ricupero, Rodrigo Monteferrante (President)
Arenz, Karl Heinz
Dias, Thiago Alves
Puntoni, Pedro Luis
Title in Portuguese
Trabalho indígena na economia do Grão-Pará e Rio Negro (segunda metade do século XVIII)
Keywords in Portuguese
Companhia Geral de Comércio do Grão-Pará e Maranhão
Diretório dos Índios
Tesouraria Geral do Comércio dos Índios
Trabalho indígena
Abstract in Portuguese
Esta pesquisa buscou compreender o trabalho indígena no Estado do Grão-Pará e Rio Negro durante a segunda metade do século XVIII, período em que vigorou o Diretório dos Índios. Assim, discorremos sobre a conjuntura e historiografia a respeito do Diretório, bem como elaboramos uma análise das políticas indigenistas e da funcionalidade da Tesouraria do Geral do Comércio dos Índios, instituição fiscal responsável pelos rendimentos da produção das povoações indígenas. Por ser o índio utilizado em diversos trabalhos, o principal objetivo desta investigação histórica foi demonstrar que a mão de obra indígena foi maciçamente explorada pela economia colonial, e não apenas empregados em atividades ligadas à agricultura e ao extrativismo. Nesse sentido, os indígenas foram também utilizados como mão de obra especializada, empregada na construção de navios mercantes e de guerra, embarcações essas as quais faziam parte das ações da Companhia de Comércio do Grão-Pará e Maranhão que visavam entre outras ações reformar e aumentar a frota naval de Portugal.
Title in English
Indigenous labour in the Grão-Pará and Rio Negro economy (second half of 18th Century).
Keywords in English
General Company of Grão-Pará and Maranhão
Indians Directory
Indigenous labor
Treasury of the Indians Trade
Abstract in English
This research aimed to understand the indigenous labor in the State of Grão-Pará and Rio Negro during the second half of the 18th century, period in which prevailed the Indians Directory. Thus, we discuss the conjuncture and historiography regarding the directory as well as elaborate an analysis of the indigenist policies and the functionality of the Treasury of the Indians Trade, institution that was responsible for financial matters such as spending and tax of the indians labor. As the indians were used in several labors, the main goal of this historical investigation is to demonstrate that the indians were massively exploited by the colonial economy and not only employed in activities related to agriculture and extractivism. Thereby, the indians were also used as specialized labor, employed in the construction of merchant ships and war vessels, which were part of the actions of the General Company of Grão-Pará and Maranhão, which aimed, among other actions, to reform and increase the portuguese naval fleet.
 
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Publishing Date
2019-03-20
 
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