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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.8.2002.tde-01122009-150917
Document
Author
Full name
Marco Aurélio Vannucchi Leme de Mattos
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2002
Supervisor
Committee
Aquino, Maria Aparecida de (President)
Abreu, Sergio França Adorno de
Camargo, Ana Maria de Almeida
Title in Portuguese
Em nome da segurança nacional: os processos da justiça militar contra a Ação Libertadora Nacional (ALN), 1969-1979
Keywords in Portuguese
Justiça Militar
Oposição armada
Regime Militar
Abstract in Portuguese
Com a decretação, pelo regime militar, do Ato Institucional n° 2 (AI-2), em outubro de 1965, todos os civis e militares acusados de infringirem a Lei de Segurança Nacional passaram a ser processados pela Justiça Castrense. Entre 1967 e 1968, surgiram no Brasil várias organizações comunistas que propunham o recurso às armas no combate contra o regime vigente e pela implementação do socialismo. Dentre estes agrupamentos, um dos mais importantes foi a Ação Libertadora Nacional (ALN), cuja principal liderança foi Carlos Marighella. O presente trabalho debruça-se sobre o julgamento de militantes da ALN por tribunais militares. Recorreu-se à análise de autos de processos instaurados contra a organização em São Paulo para embasar o estudo. É abordada a atuação dos delegados de polícia, responsáveis pelos inquéritos que originaram os processos, assim como a atuação dos procuradores, vinculados ao Ministério Público. Além disto, trata-se do comportamento e das estratégias utilizadas pelos réus e por seus advogados. Finalmente, são apresentados um levantamento quantitativo das decisões judiciais e os critérios decisórios dos juízes, enfatizando sua preocupação com a readequação social dos réus. O período abrangido pela pesquisa inicia-se em 1969 quando os primeiros processos contra a ALN foram abertos - e termina em 1979 ano em que todos os julgamentos de militantes da organização foram interrompidos, por conta da anistia política.
Title in English
In the name of national security: the processes of military justice against the Ação Libertadora Nacional (ALN), 1969-1979
Keywords in English
Armed opposition
Military justice
Military regime
Abstract in English
With the decree by the Brazilian military regime of Institutional Act No. 2 (IA-2) in October 1965, all civilian and military defendants accused of violating the National Security Law were to be judged by military tribunals. In 1967 and 1968 several communist organizations emerged to support armed resistance against the regime and the implantation of socialism. One of the most important of these groups was National Liberating Action (NLA), whose principal leader was Carlos Marighella. The present work analyzes the trials of NLA militants in military tribunals. The primary sources are the court documents of cases filed against the NLA in São Paulo. This study focuses on the actions of the police chiefs in charge of the investigations that led to charges and also the prosecutors employed by the Brazilian Justice Department. In addition, the study examines the behavior and strategies used by the defendants and their lawyers. Finally, this project presents a quantitative investigation of the judicial rulings and the criteria used by the respective judges, in particular their concern for the social readjustment of the defendants. The period covered begins with 1969 - when the first cases were brought against the NLA - and ends in 1979 - when all cases against the organization came to a halt because of the political amnesty declared by the government.
 
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Publishing Date
2011-02-21
 
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