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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.8.2006.tde-06112006-174750
Document
Author
Full name
Mariana Martins Villaça
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2006
Supervisor
Committee
Capelato, Maria Helena Rolim (President)
Baggio, Katia Gerab
Morettin, Eduardo Victorio
Prado, Maria Ligia Coelho
Silva, Antonio Carlos Amancio da
Title in Portuguese
O Instituto Cubano del Arte e Industria Cinematográficos (ICAIC) e a política cultural em Cuba (1959-1991)
Keywords in Portuguese
Cinema cubano
Cinema latino-americano
Cuba
Política cultural
Revolução cubana
Abstract in Portuguese
Neste trabalho analisamos a história do Instituto Cubano del Arte e Indústria Cinematográficos, primeiro organismo cultural criado após a Revolução cubana, e seu papel na política cultural, entre 1959 e 1991. Por meio da análise de documentos da política cultural, da revista Cine Cubano, além de depoimentos, críticas e alguns filmes que repercutiram especialmente os dilemas e questionamentos dos intelectuais cubanos, abordamos as tensões entre a política cultural oficial, o ICAIC e os projetos dos cineastas. Esse Instituto, pelo qual circularam muitos cineastas latino-americanos e europeus, foi palco de debates, disputas políticas e diversas polêmicas envolvendo filmes e tendências estéticas, como o realismo socialista e a nouvelle vague. Nossa tese é de que o ICAIC, pode ser considerado uma instituição privilegiada no meio cultural cubano, pois consolidou uma autonomia relativa em relação aos mecanismos de controle governamentais, por meio da ação dos cineastas e da mediação da direção do Instituto. Esta autonomia foi abalada, em diversos momentos, em função de fatores como a reestruturação do Estado, os fracassos econômicos e o acirramento do autoritarismo em Cuba, principalmente a partir dos anos 70. Ainda assim, o Instituto se readaptou às demandas políticas governamentais num jogo político de adesão e resistência à política cultural oficial, que tornou possível a produção de vários filmes ambíguos e críticos ao regime, ao longo desse período.
Title in English
The Cuban Institute for Art and Filme Production (ICAIC) and the cultural policy (1959-1991)
Keywords in English
Cuba
Cuban cinema
Cuban Revolution
Cultural policy
Latin America
Abstract in English
This work analyzes the history of the Cuban Institute for Art and Film Production (ICAIC) ? the first cultural organization created after the Cuban Revolution ? and its role in cultural policy between 1959 and 1991. Through the analysis of documents on cultural policy, the magazine Cine Cubano, in addition to testimonies, critiques and a set of films specifically relevant to the issues and dilemmas of Cuban intellectuals, the thesis delves into the tensions between official cultural policy, the ICAIC, and film makers? projects. Various Latin American and European film makers were involved with the institute, and it served as a forum for debate, political discussions and varied polemics related to film and aesthetic tendencies, including Socialist Realism and New Wave. The thesis proposes that ICAIC constituted a privileged institution in the Cuban cultural environment because ? through the action of film makers and the mediation of the Institute?s leadership ? it attained relative autonomy with respect to mechanisms of government control. This autonomy was unsettled, at different points, by factors such as state restructuring, economic failure and the entrenchment of authoritarianism in Cuba, especially from the 1970s onward. Still, the institute adapted to the demands of government policy through a political dynamic that alternated adhesion and resistance to official cultural policy, making possible the production of various films that were ambiguous and critical of the regime during that period.
 
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Anexos.pdf (153.30 Kbytes)
Bibliografia.pdf (87.92 Kbytes)
Capitulo1.pdf (451.04 Kbytes)
Capitulo2.pdf (326.95 Kbytes)
Capitulo3.pdf (429.42 Kbytes)
Capitulo4.pdf (495.26 Kbytes)
Capitulo5.pdf (434.93 Kbytes)
Capitulo6.pdf (466.74 Kbytes)
Conclusao.pdf (74.21 Kbytes)
Fontes.pdf (264.40 Kbytes)
Inicio.pdf (70.73 Kbytes)
Introducao.pdf (128.63 Kbytes)
Publishing Date
2007-05-03
 
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