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Master's Dissertation
DOI
Document
Author
Full name
Wilma Antunes Maciel
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2003
Supervisor
Committee
Aquino, Maria Aparecida de (President)
Ridenti, Marcelo Siqueira
Vieira, Vera Lucia
Title in Portuguese
"Repressão judicial no Brasil: o capitão Carlos Lamarca e a VPR na justiça militar (1969-1971)"
Keywords in Portuguese
Justiça Militar
Luta Armada
Regime Militar
Abstract in Portuguese
Com a instauração do regime militar no Brasil em 1964 e a decretação do Ato Institucional no. 2 (AI-2) em 1965, os civis que cometiam crimes contra a Segurança Nacional passaram a ser julgados pela Justiça Militar. O presente estudo analisa os processos políticos movidos contra a Vanguarda Popular Revolucionária (VPR), no período de 1969 a 1971, principalmente aqueles que se referem ao seu principal líder Carlos Lamarca. Trata-se da compreensão das facetas da Justiça Militar, buscando apreender na lógica dos textos dos processos seus objetivos e significado histórico. Sendo que a atuação da Justiça revelou-se extremamente complexa, no julgamento dos militantes de uma das principais organizações de esquerda que empreendeu a luta armada contra o regime. A pesquisa abordou a relação entre a administração da Justiça e o Estado, os mecanismos de repressão denunciados nos tribunais, como a tortura, desaparecimento e mortes de militantes e as irregularidades na aplicação da legislação. A figura emblemática de Carlos Lamarca que permeia todas as fases dos processo, o perfil dos réus e da organização, as formas de atuação e estratégias adotadas pelos representantes do Ministério Público e advogados de defesa. O enfoque centrou-se no rigor da Justiça em defesa da Segurança Nacional e na repressão judicial como parte das práticas repressivas do regime, em que legalidade e ilegalidade não se separavam.
Title in English
Judicial Repression in Brazil: Captain Carlos Lamarca and VPR under Military Justice (1969-1971)
Keywords in English
Armed Fight
Military Justice
Military Regime
Abstract in English
With the instauration of the military government in Brazil, in 1964, and the Institutional Act no. 2 (IA-2), in 1965, the civilians who committed crimes against national security started facing trials in the Military Justice. The following study analizes the political processes moved against the "Vanguarda Popular Revolucionária" (PRV - Popular Revolutionary Vanguard), between 1969 and 1971, particulary those concerning its main leader, Carlos Lamarca. It deals with the comprehension of the many aspects of Military Justice, trying to learn, in the logic of the processes texts, its goals and historical meaning. The acts of the Justice revealed themselves as being extremely complex while judging the active members of one of the main left organizations that fought the Military Government. This research treated subjects like the relation of Justice and State, the repression mechanisms denounced in court, like torture, kidnapping and the killing of militants, and the irregularities in the applications of the law. It also deals with the emblematic figure of Carlos Lamarca, who appears during the whole process, the profile of defendants and their organization, the ways and strategies of both the Public Ministry ( who acted as Prosecutor) and the defense lawyers. The attention focused on the rigorous way the justice acted in defense of the national security, and in the judicial repression as a part of the repressive acts of State, where legal and illegal were very similar.
 
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Publishing Date
2004-03-26
 
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