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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.8.2009.tde-22032010-101904
Document
Author
Full name
Maria Carolina Scudeler Silva
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2009
Supervisor
Committee
Novinsky, Anita Waingort (President)
Nazario, Luiz Roberto Pinto
Samara, Eni de Mesquita
Title in Portuguese
Inocentes & culpados: repensando o julgamento inquisitorial
Keywords in Portuguese
Cristãos-novos
Inquisição
Judeus
Ortodoxia
Abstract in Portuguese
A Inquisição Moderna foi uma instituição criada pelos Estados Ibéricos e apoiada pela Igreja Católica no século XVI para investigar e punir indivíduos que não estivessem agindo de acordo com a moral religiosa. Agindo através de denúncias e segredos, o julgamento inquisitorial forjou heresias, apontando como principal inimigo o cristão-novo. Ao analisarmos o funcionamento do Tribunal do Santo Ofício, através de documentos inquisitoriais e trabalhos diversos publicados sobre o tema, percebemos o caráter indispensável que a instituição teve no sentido de restringir as liberdades individuais, em prol de uma ideia de uniformidade baseada numa verdade absoluta a fé católica. Em um período de tantas transformações como foi o da modernidade, a Inquisição se tornou uma das principais instituições de manutenção do Antigo Regime, assegurando o poder nas mãos do clero e da nobreza.
Title in English
Innocent & guilty: rethinking the inquisitional judgement
Keywords in English
Inquisition
Jews
New-Christian
Orthodoxy
Abstract in English
The Modern Inquisition was an institution created by the Iberian States and supported for Catholic Church in the XVI century to investigate and to punish individuals that were not acting in accordance with the moral religion. Acting through denunciations and secrets, the inquisitional judgment forged heresies, pointing the new-Christian as main enemy. When analyzing the functioning of the Court of the Holy Office, through inquisitional documents and several published works on the subject, we notice the indispensable character that the institution had in the direction to restrict the individual freedom in favor of an idea of uniformity based on an absolute truth the catholic faith. That one period of so many transformations, as it was the modern period, the Inquisition became one of the main institutions of maintenance of the Antique Regimen, assuring the power to the hands of the clergy and the nobility.
 
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Publishing Date
2010-03-22
 
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