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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.8.2012.tde-27092012-120037
Document
Author
Full name
Fernanda Rosa da Silva
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2012
Supervisor
Committee
Ferreira, Marcelo Barra (President)
Menuzzi, Sergio de Moura
Muller, Ana Lucia de Paula
Title in Portuguese
Foco e relações de escopo: um estudo de caso no português brasileiro
Keywords in Portuguese
Estrutura da informação
Foco
Inversão de escopo
Perguntas
Tópico
Abstract in Portuguese
Este trabalho investiga os efeitos semânticos e pragmáticos de um tipo específico de foco que chamamos foco sobreinformativo e como ele afeta relações de escopo entre sintagmas quantificadores em português brasileiro. Discutimos como a estrutura informacional e o escopo de quantificadores interagem, com atenção especial a vários tipos de quantificadores, como universais, existenciais, e cardinais. Relações de escopo em português brasileiro foram investigadas em Negrão (1999), que concluiu trata-se de uma língua bastante rígida nesse aspecto, não permitindo inversão de escopo na maioria dos casos. Tal trabalho, entretanto, se restringiu a contextos neutros. Nosso objetivo é investigar como o foco sobreinformativo pode afetar essa aparente rigidez. No decorrer do trabalho fornecemos análises sintáticas e semânticas detalhadas da interação entre quantificação e focalização e uma caracterização pragmática dos contextos em que o foco sobreinformativo é lícito.
Title in English
Focus and scope relations: a case study in Brazilian Portuguese
Keywords in English
Focus
Informational structure
Questions
Scopal inversion
Topic
Abstract in English
This work investigates the semantic and pragmatic effects of a specific kind of focus which we call over-informative focus and how it affects scope relations among quantifier phrases in Brazilian Portuguese. We discuss how information structure and quantifier scope interact paying attention to many types of quantifiers such as universals, existential and cardinals. Scope relations in Brazilian Portuguese were investigated by Negrão (1999), who have concluded that the language is very rigid disallowing scope inversion in most cases. Her work, however, was restricted to neutral (out-of-the-blue) contexts. Our goal is to investigate how over-informative focus affects this apparent rigidity. Throughout this work, we give a detailed syntactic and semantic analysis of the interaction between quantification and focalization and a pragmatic characterization of contexts in which over informative focus is licit.
 
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Publishing Date
2012-09-27
 
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