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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.8.2008.tde-05052008-153601
Document
Author
Full name
Bruna Wysocki
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2008
Supervisor
Committee
Aquino, Zilda Gaspar Oliveira de (President)
Hilgert, José Gaston
Silva, Luiz Antonio da
Title in Portuguese
Interação face a face: um estudo das estratégias discursivas na reconstrução da imagem
Keywords in Portuguese
Argumentação
Estratégias discursivas
Imagem pública
Preservação das faces
Reconstrução da imagem
Abstract in Portuguese
O presente trabalho tem por proposta analisar o discurso formulado por um expresidente que pretende reconstruir sua imagem abalada em decorrência do impeachment que sofreu. Ao considerarmos um encontro social, em que os interlocutores interagem face a face, observamos que o interactante procura articular estratégias interacionais, a fim de preservar sua face e protegê-la de eventuais ameaças; ao mesmo tempo, coordena estratégias argumentativas com o intuito de interferir na concepção inicial que seus interlocutores possuem a respeito de sua imagem. Para atingirmos nossos objetivos, consideramos, da Sociolingüística Interacional, as teorias de preservação de faces abordadas por Goffman (1974) e, ao levarmos em conta que estratégias argumentativas também colaboram para a reconstrução da imagem, recorremos aos pressupostos da Teoria da Argumentação, segundo estudos de Perelman e Olbrechts-Tyteca (2002). Com base nesses estudos, partimos para a aplicação dos conceitos em um corpus constituído por uma entrevista televisiva, transmitida pelo Sistema Brasileiro de Televisão (SBT), em agosto de 1998, no "Programa Livre", em que o ex-presidente Fernando Collor de Melo é entrevistado por estudantes de ensino médio e cursinho. O corpus foi gravado e transcrito de acordo com as normas publicadas pelo Projeto da Norma Urbana Culta - NURC-SP.
Title in English
Iinteraction face to face: the discourse delivered by a former president that plans to rebuild his image
Keywords in English
Argumentation
Discourse strategies
Face´s preservation
Public image
Reconstruction of the image
Abstract in English
This paper has the purpose of analyzing the discourse delivered by a former president that plans to rebuild his image, since it was shattered as a result of an impeachment sustained by him. Upon considering a social gathering, in which the interlocutors interact face to face, we have noted that the interacting person tries to coordinate interactional strategies in order to preserve his face and protect it against any threats; at the same time, he organizes strategic arguments for the purpose of interfering with the initial assumption that his interlocutors have made in regard to his image. To achieve our goals, we have used, from the Interactional Sociolinguistics, the theory of faces' preservation as approached by Goffman (1974) and, by taking into account that strategic arguments too cooperate for the reconstruction of the image, we have relied on the assumptions of the Argumentation Theory, according to studies by Perelman & Olbrechts-Tyteca (2002). With basis on this information, we set out to apply the concepts in a corpus made up by a television interview broadcast by SBT, a television network, in August 1998, in the "Programa Livre" talk show, in which former President Fernando Collor de Melo was interviewed by high school students. The corpus was recorded and transcribed according to the rules published by Urban Educated Norm Project - NURC - SP
 
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Publishing Date
2008-06-25
 
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