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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.8.2016.tde-15082016-114120
Document
Author
Full name
Helba Carvalho
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2016
Supervisor
Committee
Goldstein, Norma Seltzer (President)
Caretta, Elis de Almeida Cardoso
Gebara, Ana Elvira Luciano
Lafalce, Luiz Camilo
Micheletti, Guaraciaba
Title in Portuguese
Metapoemas de Ferreira Gullar e o ensino do fazer poético
Keywords in Portuguese
Argumentação
Ensino
Estilística-discursiva
Ethos
Ferreira Gullar
Metapoema
Abstract in Portuguese
A proposta desta tese é analisar, na trajetória do poeta Ferreira Gullar, a presença constante e cada vez mais frequente de metapoemas que sistematizam uma noção de poesia na qual se destaca, entre os diferentes ethé presentes, um ethos professoral, com discurso marcadamente filosófico: o enunciador argumenta, explica, critica e ensina. A teoria utilizada para a análise do corpus, composto de doze poemas, pautou-se na estilística-discursiva, mais especificamente, a relação entre os recursos linguísticos utilizados (sonoros, lexicais, sintáticos, semânticos) e os efeitos de sentido produzidos no plano da enunciação e do discurso. Para os estudos estilísticos (a noção de estilo) e da enunciação, foram consideradas as teorias de Charles Bally (1951), Mattoso Câmara (1961, 1973, 1977), Mikhail Bakhtin (2002, 2003, 2013), Sírio Possenti (2000, 2001), Nilce Sant´Anna Martins (1989) e Émile Benveniste (2006). Para a Análise do Discurso de linha francesa, são discutidos os conceitos de Dominique Maingueneau (1993, 2008, 2011), especialmente sobre ethos discursivo e cenografia. Finalmente, para as considerações sobre a metalinguagem/ metadiscurso e argumentação, presentes nos poemas metalinguísticos, são citados os estudos de Roman Jakobson (1990, 2004, 2007), Samira Chalhub (2002), Sírio Possenti (2000, 2001), Ruth Amossy (2005, 2007, 2011), José Luiz Fiorin (2004, 2015) e Ingedore Koch (2003, 2004, 2007). A partir da análise do corpus, torna-se possível concluir que, na medida em que o militante marxista morre na poesia gullariana, ganham mais voz o crítico de arte e o filósofo Ferreira Gullar. Nesse sentido, o ethos professoral se faz presente e permite refletir sobre o tom didático dos poemas, na forma como ensinam sobre o gênero e o fazer poético. Partiu dos próprios poemas analisados a motivação para a atividade didática proposta no capítulo final.
Title in English
Metapoems of Ferreira Gullar and the teaching of the poetic craft
Keywords in English
Argumentation
Discoursive stylistics
Ethos
Ferreira Gullar
Metapoem
Teaching
Abstract in English
The proposal of this thesis is to analyze, in the trajectory of the poet Ferreira Gullar, the constant and progressively frequent presence of metapoems which systematize a notion of poetry within which could be highlited, among the several present ethé, a professoral ethos, with a remarkable philosophic discourse: the enunciator arguments, explains, criticizes and teaches. The theory used in the analysis of the corpus, comprised of twelve poems, include discoursive stylistics, more especifically, the relationship between the linguistic resources used (sound, lexical, synthatic and semantic) and the effects of meaning produced in the plan of enunciation and discourse. Regarding the studies of stylistics (the notion of style) and enunciation, the theory of such authors like Charles Bally (1951), Mattoso Câmara (1961, 1973, 1977), Mikhail Bakhtin (2002, 2003, 2013), Sírio Possenti (2000, 2001), Nilce Sant´Anna Martins (1989) and Émile Benveniste (2006) were considered. On the the French Discourse Analysis side, the concepts of Dominique Maingueneau (1993, 2008, 2011), especially the ones of ethos and scenography, were brought into our discussion. Finally, in our considerations on metalanguage/ metadiscourse, the studies of Roman Jakobson (1990, 2004, 2007), Samira Chalhub (2002), Sírio Possenti (2000, 2001), Ruth Amossy (2005, 2007, 2011), José Luiz Fiorin (2004, 2015) and Ingedore Koch (2003, 2004, 2007) were called. After the analysis of the corpus, it was possible to conclude that, as the voice of the marxist militant fades in the gullarian poetry, the voices of both the art critic and the philosopher Ferreira Gullar rise. In this sense, the professoral ethos is present and makes it possible to reflect about the didactic tone of the poems, in the way they teach the genre and the poetic craft. The motivation for the didactic activity proposed in the final chapter of this thesis had its origin in the study of the poems heretofore analyzed.
 
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Publishing Date
2016-08-15
 
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