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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.8.2008.tde-18092008-155530
Document
Author
Full name
Neide Tomiko Takahashi
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2008
Supervisor
Committee
Carvalho, Reginaldo Pinto de (President)
Pietraroia, Cristina Moerbeck Casadei
Rezende, Neide Luzia de
Title in Portuguese
Textos literários no ensino de português-língua estrangeira (PLE) no Brasil
Keywords in Portuguese
Atividades de compreensão
Ensino de português-língua estrangeira
Interação autor-texto-leitor
Livros didáticos de PLE
Textos literários
Abstract in Portuguese
O objeto deste trabalho é estudar o emprego de textos literários e a forma como eles são aproveitados no ensino de Português-Língua Estrangeira (PLE). Para tanto, apoiamo-nos nos fundamentos teóricos da abordagem comunicativa, da leitura e da enunciação a fim de investigar os potenciais pedagógicos do texto literário na sala de aula e nos livros didáticos de PLE. Com base em uma pesquisa feita com estudantes estrangeiros, pudemos detectar suas expectativas quanto à utilização de textos da literatura brasileira nas aulas, bem como suas representações lingüísticas, aí incluída a apropriação de elementos culturais, confirmando a relevância da contribuição desses textos no ensino de PLE. E, a partir da análise do emprego de textos literários e exercícios de compreensão em quatro materiais didáticos, observamos também que tais livros não podem suprir todas as expectativas dos alunos em razão de sua própria natureza didática, descontextualizada da interação autor-texto-leitor original. Como resultado, pudemos confirmar que o bom aproveitamento dos textos literários no ensino de PLE não está simplesmente no seu emprego como um pretexto em sala de aula ou nos manuais, mas no tratamento dado a eles, tendo em vista o seu caráter literário.
Title in English
The literary texts in the teaching of Portuguese as a Foreign Language (PFL) in Brazil
Keywords in English
Author-text-reader interaction
Comprehension activities
Literary texts
PFL's textbooks
Portuguese as foreign language teaching
Abstract in English
The objective of this paper is to study the employment of the literary texts and how they are exploited in the teaching of Portuguese as a Foreign Language (PFL). For that purpose, we followed the theoretical line of the communicative approach of reading and utterance-act in order to inspect the pedagogical potential of the literary text in the classroom and in PFL's textbooks. In a survey involving foreign students, we were able to detect their expectations in relation to the application of texts of the Brazilian literature in the classes, as well as their linguistic representations, including the appropriation of cultural elements, confirming the relevant contribution of these texts in PFL's teaching. And, after analysing the employment of the literary texts and the exercises of comprehension in four types of textbooks, we observed that these books are not able to fill all the students' expectations due to the own educational nature of these materials, decontextualized from the original authortext- reader interaction. As a result, we were able to confirm that the effective utilization of the literary texts in PFL's teaching does not merely depend on its employment as an excuse in the classroom or in the manuals, but on the treatment given to them, in view of their literary quality.
 
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Publishing Date
2008-09-29
 
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