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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.8.2019.tde-26022019-111534
Document
Author
Full name
Rafael de Almeida Semêdo
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2018
Supervisor
Committee
Campos, André Malta (President)
Brandao, Jacyntho Jose Lins
Jong, Irene Jacqueline Frederike de
Werner, Christian
Title in Portuguese
Alcínoo versus Odisseu na corte dos feácios: um jogo discursivo
Keywords in Portuguese
Alcínoo
Aventuras
Homero
Odisseia
Poesia Épica
Abstract in Portuguese
Dos Cantos 6 a 13 da Odisseia, Homero narra a estada de Odisseu em Esquéria, a terra dos feácios. Durante a recepção de Alcínoo ao herói, uma tensão sutil se desenvolve: enquanto o anfitrião deseja descobrir a identidade de seu misterioso convidado, o herói luta para manter-se anônimo e garantir sua condução para casa. Essa tensão se desenrola num jogo de palavras sutil e elegante, no qual se digladiam o mestre da astúcia, o polúmetis Odisseu, e aquele de forte mente, alkí-nóos, o perspicaz Alcínoo. A essa disputa dou o nome de jogo do discurso. Conforme aqui defendo, tal jogo toma forma abaixo da superfície das palavras, e seus dois participantes conversam muito mais por meio do não-dito do que pelo que de fato dizem. Para que uma análise desse jogo intelectual seja possível, proponho um resgate da figura de Alcínoo, cujo nome defendo significar alkí-nóos, força-mente, como figura astuta e perspicaz, o que vai de encontro à opinião difundida de que o rei dos feácios é anódino ou pouco inteligente. Conforme argumento, ele permanece atento às manobras retóricas de seu convidado, o qual busca a todo custo tecer discursos agradáveis e proveitosos (meilíkhioi kaì kerdaléoi mûthoi), num processo que culmina com sua cartada final: a narrativa das aventuras. Alcínoo, mesmo percebendo os recursos astuciosos e manipulativos de seu convidado, rende-se a seus talentos e regozija-se com sua performance.
Title in English
Alcinous versus Odysseus in the Phaeacian court: a discourse game
Keywords in English
Adventures
Alcinous
Epic poetry
Homer
Odyssey
Abstract in English
From Book 6 till the beginning of Book 13 in the Odyssey, Homer tells us of Odysseus sojourn in Scheria, the land of the Phaeacians. During Alcinous reception of the hero, a subtle tension develops between the two: while the host wishes to discover the identity of his mysterious guest, the hero strives to remain anonymous and secure his conveyance home. This tension unfolds in a subtle and elegant game of words in which the two oponents meet: the master of of tricks, Odysseus polúmetis, and the one of a strong mind, alkí-nóos, shrewd Alcinous. I call this contest the discourse game. As I wish to defend, such game takes place beneath the surface of words, and the participants maintain a conversation in which what remains unexpressed communicates more than what is actually said. For such an analysis to be possible, I propose to rescue Alcinous, whose name I claim to mean strength-mind, from the widespread opinion that the king is foolish or unintelligent. As I argue, he is very attentive to the rhetorical maneuvers of his guest, who is trying to fabricate pleasing and profitable speeches (meilíkhioi kaì kerdaléoi mûthoi), in a process that culminates with his final play: the narrative of the adventures. Alcinous, although detecting and understanding the crafty and manipulative purposes of his guest, surrenders to his talents as a storyteller and enjoys his performance.
 
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Publishing Date
2019-02-26
 
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