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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.8.2018.tde-02022018-124836
Document
Author
Full name
Camila Costa José Bernardino
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2017
Supervisor
Committee
Battaglia, Maria Helena Voorsluys (President)
Evangelista, Maria Cristina Reckziegel Guedes
Glenk, Eva Maria Ferreira
Schröder, Ulrike Agathe
Simões, Jose da Silva
Title in Portuguese
As formas departicipiais do alemão: um estudo transcategorial
Keywords in Portuguese
Formas departicipiais
Gramaticalização
Lexicalização
Transcategorialidade.
Abstract in Portuguese
Na presente pesquisa abordamos as formas departicipiais alemãs. Estas formas são pouco prototípicas e apresentam usos em diferentes categorias sintáticas sincronicamente. Este fenômeno é denominado transcategorialidade. Itens transcategoriais têm como característica a pluralidade categorial, isto é, encontram-se em mais de uma categoria sintática no mesmo recorte cronológico. A transcategorialidade ocorre quando um item se insere em múltiplas categorias simultaneamente, não se tratando de um estágio de mudança transitório de uma classe de palavras para outra. As formas departicipiais estudadas são formas transcategoriais porque são averiguadas em mais de uma categoria e apresentam características de cada classe em que se inserem. Observamos que estas formas passaram tanto pelo processo de lexicalização como de gramaticalização para atingir a pluralidade de empregos sintáticos. No que tange à lexicalização, essas formas passam pelo processo de conversão para fazer parte de classes lexicais como adjetivos e advérbios. No caso da gramaticalização, as formas departicipiais, por meio do mecanismo de reanálise, integram classes mais gramaticais como preposições e conjunções. Algumas das formas departicipiais estudadas são encontradas em até quatro categorias distintas. O objetivo do trabalho é descrever as ocorrências dessas formas de acordo com os seus diversos usos. Para tanto, compilamos um corpus de pesquisa a partir de textos autênticos sincrônicos, entre os anos de 2014 e 2015. Com base nas entradas do corpus, analisamos as formas departicipiais e determinamos em quais classes cada forma estudada se insere. Utilizamos provas comprobatórias e a análise do ambiente sintático de cada uso a fim de comprovar os empregos nas diferentes classes de palavras.
Title in English
German departicipial forms: a transcategorial study
Keywords in English
Departicipial forms
Grammaticalization
Lexicalization
Transcategoriality
Abstract in English
In this study, German departicipial forms are evaluated. These forms are little prototypical and synchronically used in different syntactic categories. This phenomenon is called transcategoriality. Transcategorial items are characterized by categorical plurality, falling into more than one syntactic category at the same chronological moment. Transcategoriality occurs when an item can be simultaneously placed into multiple categories and does not represent a transitional stage from one word class to another. The studied departicipial forms were classified as transcategorial forms because they fell into more than one category and showed the characteristics of each class to which they were assigned. These forms went through both the lexicalization and grammaticalization processes to achieve plurality of syntactic uses. In terms of lexicalization, these forms went through a conversion process to be part of lexical classes as adjectives and adverbs. In the case of grammaticalization, departicipial forms integrated more grammatical classes, such as prepositions and conjunctions, through the reanalysis mechanism. Some of the studied departicipial forms were found in up to four distinct categories. The aim of this study is to describe the occurrences of these forms according to their different uses. Thus, a corpus of research was compiled based on authentic synchronic texts from 2014 to 2015. Based on the entries in the corpus, departicipial forms were analyzed and their word classes were determined. Evidence and analysis of the syntactic environment of each use were utilized to verify the uses of the forms in the different word classes.
 
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Publishing Date
2018-02-02
 
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