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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.8.2012.tde-13092012-114734
Document
Author
Full name
Fabiana Garcia Coelho
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2012
Supervisor
Committee
Amaral, Gloria Carneiro do (President)
Cunha, Cilaine Alves
Mendes, Maria Lúcia Dias
Title in Portuguese
A construção do(s) arrivismo(s) em Balzac e Alencar
Keywords in Portuguese
Alencar
Arrivismo
Balzac
Literatura comparada
Realismo
Romantismo
Abstract in Portuguese
A dissertação Construção do(s) arrivismo(s) traz a análise de dois personagens de obras centrais das literaturas francesa e brasileira: Fernando Seixas, presente em Senhora (1875), de José de Alencar (1829-1877) e Eugène de Rastignac, protagonista Le Père Goriot (1834) de Honoré de Balzac (1799-1850). Honoré de Balzac, autor da Comédia Humana, pretendeu mostrar em sua ficção a diversidade de tipos humanos de forma a dialogar com a História da França, recém Restaurada após 1789 e o período napoleônico. Assim, ler a produção balzaquiana possibilitaria a compreensão de uma sociedade em profundas mudanças, onde o capitalismo dita as regras e onde o romance fixa-se como mercadoria e modelo literário de apreciação artística. Em terras tropicais, José de Alencar atinge em Senhora sua maturidade como escritor, antecipando em vários aspectos o surgimento de Machado de Assis. Dessa forma, a leitura de sua obra nos dá pistas sobre a formação da literatura brasileira e sobre a sociedade de sua época, aquela do Segundo Império, onde a escravidão ainda é vigente e vive-se na capital Rio de Janeiro uma espécie de desejada mímesis do que era Paris, seus salões e suas modas. O arrivismo, modo de ascensão social pouco ou nada escrupuloso, é o traço comum encontrado em Seixas e Rastignac. Através do cotejamento de trechos dos dois romances, analisaremos a construção das personagens, bem como a teoria do arrivismo de seus autores.
Title in English
Construction of the arrivism(s) in Balzac and Alencar
Keywords in English
Alencar
Arrivism
Balzac
Comparative literature
Realism
Romanticism
Abstract in English
The thesis Construction of the arrivism(s) [Construção do(s) arrivismo(s)] brings about the analysis of two characters present in central pieces of French and Brazilian literatures: Fernando Seixas, from Senhora (1875), by José de Alencar (1829-1877) and Eugène de Rastignac, protagonist of Le Père Goriot (1834) by Honoré de Balzac (1799-1850). Honoré de Balzac, author of The Human Comedy, aimed at showing in his fiction the diversity of human types in order to establish a dialogue with the French History, restored after 1789 and the Napoleonic period. Thus, reading the balzaquian production could make possible the understanding of a society facing profound changes, where capitalism dictates rules and the novel is fixed as both merchandise and literary model of artistic appreciation. In tropical lands, José de Alencar reaches his literary maturity with Senhora, thus anticipating in several aspects the emergence of Machado de Assis. This way, reading his work offers clues about the formation of Brazilian literature and about the society he lived in, that of the Second Empire, in which slavery is still present and a kind of wished mimesis of Paris (with its balls and fashion) is lived in the capital Rio de Janeiro. The arrivism, strategy of social rise little or not at all scrupulous, is a common aspect found in both Seixas and Rastignac. Through the comparison of both novels, we intend to analyze the construction of the characters, as well as the theory of the arrivism of their authors.
 
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Publishing Date
2012-09-13
 
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