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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.8.2012.tde-14032013-124446
Document
Author
Full name
Reinaldo José Lopes
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2012
Supervisor
Committee
Esteves, Lenita Maria Rimoli (President)
Caldas Filho, Carlos Ribeiro
Milton, John
Pisetta, Almiro
Volobuef, Karin
Title in Portuguese
With many voices and in many tongues: pseudotradução, autorrefração e profundidade cultural na ficção de J.R.R. Tolkien
Keywords in Portuguese
Adaptação de textos
Autorrefração
Pseudotradução
Abstract in Portuguese
O presente trabalho pretende demonstrar que a pseudotradução (compreendida como a apresentação de um texto ficcional original como se fosse uma tradução de um original que não existe) e a autorrefração (ou seja, a recriação, pelo próprio autor, de um texto seu em outro contexto, formato ou forma literária) são elementos centrais para a poderosa ilusão de profundidade cultural conjurada pela obra de J.R.R. Tolkien. Ao apresentar uma elaborada moldura metanarrativa, que postula a existência de manuscritos antigos, longas cadeias de transmissão e adaptação de textos e múltiplos idiomas nos quais essa transmissão se dá, Tolkien dá um passo crucial para aproximar sua obra das mitologias reais.
Title in English
With many voices and in many tongues: pseudotranslation, self-refraction and cultural depth in the works of J.R.R. Tolkien
Keywords in English
Adaptation of texts
Pseudotranslation
Self-refraction
Abstract in English
This dissertation aims to show that pseudotranslation (defined as the presentation of an original, fictional text as a translation of a foreign text that does not actually exist) and self-refraction (that is, the recreation, by the author himself, of one of his texts in a different cultural context, format or literary form) are key elements for the powerful illusion of cultural depth conjured up by the works of J.R.R. Tolkien. By presenting an elaborate metanarrative framework and postulating the existence of ancient manuscripts, long chains of cultural transmission and adaptation and multiple languages in which such transmission occurs, Tolkien takes a crucial step to bring his works to the same level of real mythologies.
 
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Publishing Date
2013-03-14
 
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