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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.8.2019.tde-22022019-161328
Document
Author
Full name
Luciano de Souza
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2018
Supervisor
Committee
Silveira, Francisco Maciel (President)
Costa, Jose Horacio de Almeida Nascimento
Jesus, Virginia Maria Antunes de
Machado, Alleid Ribeiro
Title in Portuguese
Satã e satanismo(s) em Fernando Pessoa
Keywords in Portuguese
Crítica literária
Fernando Pessoa
Intertextualidade
Satã
Satanismo literário
Abstract in Portuguese
Ao longo dos anos, a obra de Fernando Pessoa tem sido objeto de diferentes miradas da crítica especializada. Poucas foram, porém, as ocasiões em que os comentadores se ocuparam da figura de Satã e dos diferentes matizes que colorem o episódico diabolismo dos escritos do poeta lisboeta. Todavia, embora errático, o percurso do Tentador nos textos de Pessoa indica a insuspeitada, porém indisputável marca do Demônio no pensamento do autor, mormente em sua juventude literária e em textos ensaísticos de cariz hermético. Por essa ascendência, é possível reconhecer Fernando Pessoa como herdeiro imediato da "satânica geração" de escritores lusitanos que, sob o efeito dos vapores mefistofélicos que então pairavam sobre o ambiente literário europeu, redefiniram as letras portuguesas no final dos oitocentos. Assim, partindo do exame das origens e das várias configurações do que se entende por satanismo literário, bem como dos sinais e sintomas de sua manifestação na literatura de Portugal em fins do século XIX, esta pesquisa tenciona investigar a presença do Diabo e a expressão do satânico na obra de Fernando Pessoa. O que se pretende, por meio de leituras analíticocomparativas que tracem as andanças do Tinhoso nos escritos pessoanos orto e heteronímicos, é entender as formas pelas quais o satânico toma posse, em verso e prosa, da escrita de Fernando Pessoa e, com isso, revelar em que sentido é possível reconhecer nele a faceta de um autor inspirado pelo Gênio das Trevas.
Title in English
Satan and satanism(s) in the work of Fernando Pessoa
Keywords in English
Fernando Pessoa
Intertextuality
Literary criticism
Literary satanism
Satan
Abstract in English
Throughout the years, Fernando Pessoa's work has been under different gazes by the specialized criticism. However, few were the occasions in which scholars occupied themselves with the figure of Satan and the different shades that color the episodic diabolism in the writing of the Lisbon-born poet. Albeit erratic, the Tempter's route in Pessoa's texts points at the unsuspected yet indisputable mark of the Devil in the author's thought, mainly in his early writings and in essays on hermeticism. Consequently, Pessoa can be seen as the immediate heir of the "satanic generation" of Portuguese writers that, under the influence of the mephistophelic vapors then hovering over Europe's literary environment, redefined Portugal's literature at the end of the eighteen hundreds. Thus, starting with an examination of the origins and sundry configurations of what is known as literary Satanism, as well as the signs and symptoms of its manifestation in Portuguese literature by the end of the nineteenth century, this research aims at investigating the Devil's presence and the expression of the satanic in the work of Fernando Pessoa. Using an analytical-comparative approach that traces Old Nick's wanderings in Pessoa's orto and heteronymic texts, the research intends to understand the ways in which the satanic possesses, in verse and prose, Fernando Pessoa's writings, thereby revealing to what extent it is possible to recognize in him the face of an author inspired by the Genius of Darkness.
 
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Publishing Date
2019-02-22
 
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