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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.8.2014.tde-04032015-191744
Document
Author
Full name
Daniel Gomes da Fonseca
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2014
Supervisor
Committee
Otsuka, Edu Teruki (President)
Guimarães, Hélio de Seixas
Nascimento, José Leonardo do
Title in Portuguese
Em torno da ironia: análise de Dom Casmurro, de Machado de Assis
Keywords in Portuguese
Dom Casmurro
Ironia
Machado de Assis
Naturalismo
Romance
Abstract in Portuguese
Esta dissertação apresenta os resultados de uma análise de Dom Casmurro que levou à conclusão de que a ironia é princípio constitutivo do romance. A ironia explica como a duplicidade efetiva da obra não a impede de se erigir como um todo artístico objetivo. Procuramos mostrar como são conjugadas duas causalidades de natureza diversa: uma, que ocupa o primeiro plano da obra, é expressão da interpretação que o narrador personagem confere à própria existência e contém elementos naturalistas tanto na articulação do enredo, como nas concepções em que se baseia. A outra, que abrange a primeira e a desqualifica, ergue-se a contrapelo e associa a ação recíproca entre personagens às forças histórico-sociais que os pressionam. Ao final, vemos que a ironia age em três níveis interdependentes: na articulação formal, nas concepções que lhe servem de base e no caráter dos personagens. O resultado é um romance que inclui elementos da ideologia conservadora para figurá-los como preconceitos. Essa constituição confere à narrativa a capacidade de enredar o pensamento conservador, que encontra nela motivo de se expor abertamente
Title in English
Irony: analysis of Dom Casmurro, Machado de Assis
Keywords in English
Dom Casmurro
Irony
Machado de Assis
Naturalism
Novel
Abstract in English
This dissertation presents the results of an analysis of Dom Casmurro which has drawn the conclusion that irony is a constitutive principle of the novel. Irony is what explains how the effective duplicity of the story does not prevent it from being constructed as a complete artistic object. We have worked to demonstrate how the two causalities, while of diverse nature, are actually conjugated. The first, occupying the foreground, is the expression of the interpretation the first person narrator confers on his own existence. It also contains naturalistic elements not only in the plot articulation but also in the conceptions on which it is based. The second one, which both includes and disqualifies the first, emerges in spite of the latter and associates the reciprocal actions between the characters and the socio-historical forces which push them. In the end, it can be clearly seen that irony acts in three interdependent levels: in the formal articulation, in the conceptions on which it is based, and on the characters' actions and disposition. The result is a novel which includes elements of conservative ideology, to reveal them as prejudice. This constitution confers on the narrative the ability to entangle conservative thinking, which finds in the novel a reason to expose itself openly
 
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Publishing Date
2015-03-04
 
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