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Master's Dissertation
Full name
Barbara Macedo Soares de Araujo
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
São Paulo, 2008
Hossne, Andrea Saad (President)
Costa, Ina Camargo
Schollhammer, Karl Erik
Title in Portuguese
Nora, Capitu: encontros e desencontros
Keywords in Portuguese
Machado de Assis
Personagens femininos
Abstract in Portuguese
Este trabalho pretende, a partir da análise das obras literárias Casa de Boneca (1879) de Henrik Ibsen e Dom Casmurro (1899) de Machado de Assis, verificar a atualidade da crise representada nas personagens femininas Nora e Capitu. Trata-se de identificar a relação entre forma artística e a experiência, tendo em vista o jogo de espelhos entre arte e vida. Reconhecer, portanto, como a estrutura social, mais especificamente a familiar, está refletida no drama e no romance do século XIX. Desde a cisão entre esfera pública e doméstica traçar encontros e desencontros entre as personagens que estão inseridas na ficção presas na rede do patriarcado. A crise flagrada com a saída de Nora e o exílio de Capitu nos deixa a pergunta sobre que tipo de sociabilidade somos capazes de construir sob a exclusão inevitável proposta pelo sistema capitalista.
Title in English
Nora, Capitu: meetings and no meetings
Keywords in English
Female characters
Henrik Ibsen
Machado de Assis
Abstract in English
The aim of this study is to anylise two literary works: Casa de Boneca (Doll's House) by Henrik Ibsen (1879) and Dom Casmurro by Machado de Assis (1899). The main idea was to verify if the crisis represented by the two female characters, Nora and Capitu, can be found nowadays. In other words, the objective is to identify the relationship between the artistic form and the real experience, focusing on situations as mirror games envolving life and art. Therefore, we will answer how the social and more specifically the family structure is reflected in the drama and in the romance of the 19th century. Based on the breaking of the social and the family actions, the profile of similarities and divergences between the characters that are inserted in the fiction, are captured and the domination of a patriarch emerges. From the crisis which made Nora leave home and provoked Capitus exile, a question arises: what type of social relationships are we able to construct under the inevitable circumstances of exclusion imposed by the capitalism society.
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